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Assignment 1: Quantitative Journal Article Review Amanda Skwarok Yorkville University PSYC 6213: Research Methodology (20F-2B ( October 25 th , 20 20
Abstract This assignment consists of a Journal Article Review related to the topic chosen for the Final Project : The Effect of Mindfulness-Based I nterventions on Social and Emotional Wellbeing for Elementary School Children. The article reviewed in this paper , Enhancing Cognitive and S ocial- E motional Development Through a Simple-to-A dminister Mindfulness-Based School P rogram for Elementary School Children ( Schonert-Reichl et al. , 2015) , employs a randomized control trial study design. It is relevant to the topic of the Final Project because it evaluat es the effectiveness of a mindfulness-based school program directed at promoting the social and emotional wellbeing of children at the elementary level . Keywords: Mindfulness, Mindfulness-Based Interventions, Education, School, Children, Social-Emotional, Well-being, Competence, Development, Prevention
1 Schonert-Reichl, K. A., Oberle, E., Lawlor, M. S., Abbott, D., Thomson, K., Oberlander, T. F., & Diamond, A. (2015). Enhancing cognitive and social-emotional development through a simple-to-administer mindfulness-based school program for elementary school children: a randomized controlled trial. Developmental psychology, 51 (1), 52– 66. 10.1037/a0038454 Statement of Problem Little empirical support exists for mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) and social emotional learning (SEL) programs for children. The researchers from this article are trying to determine if a classroom-based SEL program, will promote children’s cogniti on, stress regulation, well-being, prosociality, and academic performance. Literature Review A meta-analysis , conducted by Durlak et al. ( 2011 ), provides evidence that SEL programs with the addition of MBIs can develop the aforementioned skills and outcomes of interest. Further evidence suggests that mindfulness improves executive functions (EFs ) and self- regulation which are strong predictors of children's altruistic behaviour , social and emotional competence, academic achievement and life success (Moffitt et al., 2011). Hypotheses The authors hypothesized that an SEL program , called MindUP (Hawn Foundation, 2008) would improve EFs, cognitive control, stress reduction, well-being, prosociality, and academic outcomes. They also hypothesized that when compared with a Business As Usual ( BAU ) social responsibility group , children in the MindUP program would show positive changes from pretest to post-test on all aforementioned measures.
2 Method Participants Four elementary schools within British Colombia, Canada, were selected. The sample included 99 children from grades 4 and 5. Ages ranged from 9.00 to 11.16 years. The

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