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Review for Exam # 1

Review for Exam # 1 - Exam One Review Sheet Mus 1832-002...

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Exam One Review Sheet Mus 1832-002 Spring 2008 Listening 1. Distinguish styles a) Country Blues (man on guitar, raspy sounding) b) Classic Blues (woman with a piano) c) Chicago Blues (what I think of as blues today) d) Ragtime (piano, one hand plays the beat the other the melody) e) Dixieland f) Swing g) Bebop 2. Follow Blues Form Artists/Concepts 1. Know principle artist associated with each style—Scott Joplin, Bessie Smith, Louis Armstrong, Robert Johnson, Duke Ellington, Charlie Parker, Miles Davis, Muddy Waters. 2. Know general characteristics of each style. 3. Time-line of Jazz/blues styles. 1890—Ragtime o Ragging = syncopation o Scott Joplin o March form AA BB CC DD (16-bar strains) o Cakewalk rhythm o Hemiola o Mostly they were interested in African culture and they wanted to just have a good time o Doesn’t swing or use improvisation o 1900—Country (Delta) Blues o Robert Johnson o Sun House o Heard all over because they traveled all around fast o Call and response between singer and the guitar o Timbre: guitar acoustic, bottleneck, rough raspy voice, almost always male 1910s—Dixieland o Parade music o They would use any excuse to have a parade – weddings, funerals, mardi gras o Timbre: Horns, winds, drums – things that people can carry o Grew up in new Orleans
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o A form of jazz o Musical characteristics o The instruments Melody instruments (top): clarinet, trumpet, t-bone Bass Rhythm (bottom): banjo, tuba, sometimes piano and drums (when played in the street) o Polyphonic texture o Quadruple meter o Fast tempo o Stop-time riffs o Form: march form like ragtime o There is a lot of call and response o Limited imporvisions o Arpeggios: notes of the chord one at a time 3You have to choose notes from the chord that is in that part 1920s—Early Jazz (Louis Armstrong) o Louis Armstrong -
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