ch 20 - History 198 Exam #2 Study Guide Chapter 20 Driven...

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History 198 Exam #2 Study Guide Chapter 20 – Driven by Growth: The Global Economy in the Eighteenth Century I) Population Trends a. Population growth took two forms: dispersion on under-exploited frontiers and concentration in growing cities and denser agricultural settlements i. Population of Europe increased by 50% from 1500-1700…but it increased 50% again from 1700-1800. 1. Russia, China, and India nearly doubled during this time. 2. Although no data comes from Africa…there is evidence of population growth there too. 3. Japan’s population surge was before most others, ended around 1720. from 1720-180, there was hardly any change 4. Ottoman Empire and Turks barely grew. Ratio of Ottoman population to total of Europe was 1:6 in 1600. ..1:10 in 1800 b. Urbanization i. Urbanization increased in most of Eurasia and the Americas over this time period. 1. China, India, and Japan had the most urbanized societies. 2. Only about 2% of Europe population was urbanized. c. Explanations i. Diversified food supply as compared to monocultures meant that harvest times were year round and food supplies were less likely to be greatly influenced by weather and politics, as well as diets were healthier. ii.
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ch 20 - History 198 Exam #2 Study Guide Chapter 20 Driven...

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