ch19 of The World: A Global History by Felipe Fernández-Armesto

Ch19 of The World: A Global History by Felipe Fernández-Armesto

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Chapter 19 INTRO - Interesting story about Queen Nzinga of Ndongo, Central Africa. She declared in the 1640s that she would “become a man”. She reclassified herself as masculine and still ruled over her people. - She struggled to rule throughout her reign and had to deal with many wars to maintain power. - Her struggled echoed that of other parts of the world at the time: the rise of strong, central monarchies, the subduing of unruly aristocracies, and the shift of power from the hands of nobles into royal dependants. POLITICAL CHANGE IN EUROPE - 16 th and 17 th century events made the political reunification of western Europe unthinkable for centuries. 3 Reasons: - 1. There was the Holy Roman Empire made mainly of German states. - - It was ruled by Charles V in 1519 - - Charles V was thought to be “Last World Emperor”, or the last empire before the second coming of Christ. - - He tried to impose religious uniformity - - This idea failed and it was clear there would not be one unified state. - 2) 1648, Treaty of Westphalia. Individual states can decide rulers and religions. - - Dismissal of aristocracy as ruling class created new hierarchical families. - * Glorious Revolution 1688-1689 - 3) Spain failed to lead. - - Spain had best military and naval resources. - - Most knowledgable people, - - Most sought after language. - - Spain got more powerful because of EXAMPLES ON PARAGRAPH 3, pg. 638 - - Spain just did not take advantage - - Downfall began with Spanish armada. Ships could not defeat british. Then the loyalty to Phillip II started to strain. WESTERN POLITICAL THOUGHT - Jean Bodin, French.
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- - He formulated the idea that sovereignty defined the state, which had the sole right to make laws and distribute justice. -
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HST 198 taught by Professor Fahey during the Spring '08 term at Miami University.

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Ch19 of The World: A Global History by Felipe Fernández-Armesto

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