HD 362 Study Guide - HD 362 STUDY GUIDE LECTURES Factors in...

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HD 362 STUDY GUIDE LECTURES Factors in Interpersonal Attraction Status and Resources Power Mental Social Competence and confidence Material Resources Focus of attention Reciprocal Liking Triggers infatuation Situations Obstacles increase attraction Stress increases attraction Process Model of Mate Selection Who’s Around? Propinquity, Similarity, Familiarity, “pool of eligibles” - Increasing the “pool of eligibles” Chat rooms Speed Dating Single Volunteers of America Online Dating Services Who’s Appealing? Personality, Status, Appearance Who’s Interested? Reciprocal liking Who’s the one? Infatuation Sexual Strategies Theory Males Many partners, choose based on fertility Females Few partners, choose based on resources Problems with Sexual Strategies Theory - More sex similarities than differences
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- Similarity best predictor - Mate selection doesn’t always follow rules, can be random - Value of resources/status: inborn or socially constructed? - Effectiveness of short term mating, EEA. - Difficult to say what is typical mating behavior of a certain species Top Factors Kindness Intelligence Positive personality Health Romantic Infatuation (Limerence) Symptoms of Limerence Acute onset Physiological Response Dopamine release PEA release Mental preoccupation most characteristic Hyper-vigilant to signs of reciprocation Idealization - Dangerous, can lead to breakup Single target Intensity goes to half at 1 year, remains steady at 2 years - Declines with familiarity and sexual intercourse Limerance vs. Lust Evidence against lust - Subjective experience - Developmental trends Evidence for lust - Primary target - Time course of sex same as that for infatuation Function of Limerance Promotes pair bonding which increases likelihood and survival of offspring Mating Patterns in Humans No os penis- indicates monogamy Medium testes size- indicates ambiguity Hidden/covert ovulation- indicates monogamy Have sex for fun- indicates monogamy Sexual behavior- indicates ambiguity
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Some sexual dimorphism (physical differences)- indicates ambiguity Paternal care- indicates ambiguity Separation distress- indicates monogamy Three Types of Love Feeling cared for: attachment behavioral system - Child for parent Feeling care for: parental behavioral system - Parent for child Feeling passionate about: sexual behavioral system - Sexual partners Features of Love Complementary- two or more types of love differentially expressed Reciprocal- one or more types of love jointly expressed Developmental changes Tasks Related to Love Survive to reproductive age Mate Raise offspring to reproductive age Features of Intimacy Verbal self-disclosure Kinesics (body language) Proxemics (use of physical space) Paralinguistics (the way one speaks) Settings Features of Commitment Going public Investing Identification Future- orientation Consideration of investment and alternatives Types of Commitment Personal- “I want to… “ Moral- “I ought to…” Structural- “I have to…” Adult Attachment Attachment increases and peaks at 2 years, then remains stable
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HD 362 Study Guide - HD 362 STUDY GUIDE LECTURES Factors in...

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