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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 3: Socialization Nature Vs. Nurture In other words, how much of you is really about "hereditary" versus "contact with others"? Children
Feral Can't speak; bite, scratch, growl; walk on all four Isolated Zero social exposure Institutionalized Experience social disconnect; hard to establish bonds Socialization of the Mind and Self
Charles H. Cooley, a Symbolic Interactionist "Our sense of self develops from interaction with others." Looking-Glass Self
Describes the process by which our sense of self develops. We imagine how we appear to those around us 2. We interpret others' reactions 3. We develop a self-concept (i.e., selfesteem)
George H. Mead, a Symbolic Interactionist Suggested "play as crucial to the development of the self" Children take the role of others, put themselves in other's shoes To understand how someone else feels and thinks and how they will act Three stages of Role-Taking
1. Imitation Imitate people's gestures/words Play
Pretend roles (i.e. firefighter, doctor, mother) 1. 1. Games
Organized play; team games; know his/her role as well as others So again what is Socialization?
"Society within you" Socialization is essential for our development as human beings. From interaction with others, we learn how to think, reason and feel. The net result is the shaping of our behavior---including our thinking and emotions...This is what sociologists mean when they refer to society within us (Henslin 2007: 69). Socialization into Gender
Gender Socialization How were/are you socialized into gender? Agents of Socialization The family The neighborhood Religion Day Care School and Peer Groups The Work Place (Anticipatory Socialization) ...and many more Resocialization Learning new norms, values, attitudes, and behaviors to match their new situation in life Total institution
A place where people come under almost total control of the officials who are in charge Degradation Ceremony An attempt to remake the self by stripping away the individual's current identity and stamping a new one in its place. Socialization through the Life Course
Rites of passage Rituals marking the symbolic transition from one social position to another -orIn certain instances, some refer to them as Initiation rites To ground the self-identity and mark the passage of children into adulthood. ...
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- Fall '08