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Unformatted text preview: Social Structure & Social Interaction Social Structure The framework of society Refers to typical patterns of a group, such as relationships between men/women, student/teachers Guides our behavior and is guided by our behavior Social Location
People learn certain behaviors and attitudes because of their location in the social structure (whether they be privileged, deprived, or in between), and they act accordingly. Social Status
Refers to the position that someone occupies Ascribed status: Achieved status: Involuntary, inherited Voluntary, earned, accomplished Master Status
A status that cuts across the other statuses that you hold How do you identify yourself? What do you perceive others as identifying about you first? Status Symbols
Signs that identify a status Name a few status symbols. Roles
The behaviors, obligations, and privileges attached to a status What the difference, Role vs. Status? You occupy a status, you play a role. Groups Consist of people who regularly interact with one another The groups to which we belong tend to be powerful forces in our lives To belong, is to yield to others the right to make certain decisions about our behavior If we belong, we assume an obligation to act according to the expectations of other members of that group Social Institutions
The ways that each society develops to meet its basic needs Social institutions are intertwined Social institutions shape our behavior Our behavior shapes social institutions Informal/Formal Social Institutions
Hunting and Gathering Society Informal These groups depend on hunting and gathering for their survival Usually consist of 25-40 people The 1st Social Revolution: Domestication Horticultural Society Gardening societies Based on the cultivation of plants Pastoral Society Herding societies Based on pasturing animals 2nd Social Revolution: Agricultural
Agricultural Societies The invention of the plow The ability to accumulate huge surpluses of food The 3rd Social Revolution: Industrial
Industrial Society: Invention of the steam engine Widespread ownership of homes, automobiles Access to libraries, education, longer life spans Movement to cities where choices existed: stealing, starving, working for wages The 4th Social Revolution: Information
Post-Industrial Societies (Information Age) Invention of the microchip Based on information, services, and the latest technology rather than raw materials and manufacturing Workers don't produce "as much", they transmit Changed the way we interact The 5th Social Revolution: Biotech
Biotech Society Decoding of human genome system Based on applying and altering genetic structures (i.e., plant and animal) to produce food, medicine, materials What holds society together?
Social Integration The degree to which members of society are united by shared values and other social bonds often referred to as "Mechanic Solidarity" The larger a society becomes, Division of labor is introduced (the dividing up of work) Each worker is dependent on the other, often referred to as "Organic Solidarity" Gemeinschaft/Gesellschaft
Gemeinschaft Intimate community Everyone knows everyone Gesellschaft Impersonal association Intimate ties are uncommon, infrequent Everyday Social Interaction
Face-to-face interaction What people do when they're in one another's presence Personal space We go to great lengths to protect our space, our "personal bubble" Dramaturgy: The Presentation of Self
Erving Goffman Viewed the social life as a dramatic performance Goffman's: Dramaturgy
Impression Management Managing the impressions that others receive of us Front stage: Wherever you play your assigned role Back stage: Private quarters; where you retreat & let your hair down "so to speak" Goffman's: Dramaturgy
Role performance how well you perform in a specified role(s); can you pull it off? Face-saving behavior Tactful behavior as exhibited by the audience and/or the performer during a bad performance Role Conflict/Role Strain
Role conflict When the expectations of one role conflict with the that of another; when roles collide and/or overlap causing conflict "conflict between roles" Role strain When expectations within a role conflict; the key here is "conflict within roles" The Social Construction of Reality?
Our society or the social groups to which we belong hold particular views of life We learn and/or develop specific ways of looking at life How we come to recognize and define reality So how do we construct reality? Through our interactions with others We learn to interpret our experiences in life (also known as "construct reality") Our experiences are real and so we define them and then respond to them The Definition of the Situation
W.I. and Dorothy Thomas (1928): "If people define situations as real, they are real in their consequences" We act according to how we define certain situations Social Interaction & Popular Culture
Is it really "reality" or "dramaturgical" or both? Internet Reality Shows ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course SOCIO 211 taught by Professor Boyles during the Fall '08 term at Kansas State University.
- Fall '08