Sociology Review for Exam 2

Sociology Review for Exam 2 - Sociology Review for Exam 2...

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Sociology Review for Exam 2 Social Structure: Typical patterns of a group - Usual relationship between men and women or students and teachers - Guides our behavior - Framework of society Social Status: Referring to the position that someone occupies - Ascribed Status: Involuntary, do not ask for it or choose it o Race-Ethnicity, Sex, Social Class of your parents, Male/Female, Daughter/Son, Niece/Nephew - Achieved Status: Voluntary, earn or accomplish o Student, Friend, Spouse, Rabbi, Minister, Priest Nun o Lack of can be negative : School dropout, former friend, ex-spouse, etc. Status Symbols: Signs that signify a status - Wedding Ring, Guns, Badges, “Backwards” collars Social Institutions: The ways that each society develops to meet its basic needs - Family, religion, education, economics, medicine, politics, law, science, the military, and the mass media Society: People who share a culture and a territory The Five Revolutions - 1 st Social Revolution: Domestication o Horticultural Society Gardening Societies Based on Cultivation of plants o Pastoral Society Herding societies Based on pasturing animals - 2nd Social Revolution: Agricultural o Agricultural Societies The invention of the plow The ability to accumulate huge surpluses of food - 3rd Social Revolution: Industrial
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o Industrial Society Invention of the steam engine Widespread ownership of homes, automobiles Access to libraries, education, longer life spans Movement to cities where choices existed: stealing, starving, working for wages - 4 th Social Revolution: Information o Post-Industrial Societies (Information Age) Invention of the microchip Based on information, services, and the latest technology rather than raw materials and manufacturing Workers don’t produce “as much”, they transmit
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course SOCIO 211 taught by Professor Boyles during the Fall '08 term at Kansas State University.

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Sociology Review for Exam 2 - Sociology Review for Exam 2...

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