Response 11 - John Xu 10/18/07 Response 11 The earliest...

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John Xu 10/18/07 Response 11 The earliest role of technology in playing a role in the construction of sickle-cell anemia as a “Negro disease” was the blood test that was developed by Victor Emmel. He examined the blood of various whites and blacks, and found that the sickle cell trait was not present in the whites, but was very common in all the black subjects. “The blood of more than 300 white patients had been examined by us with special reference to ‘latent sickling… and in no case has anything resembling it been seen. In a number of Negroes, it was found thirteen times” (142). As a result of this test, the sickle-cell anemia disease became associated with the black population, and when white patients did actually have the disease, it was attributed to them having a mixed heritage that included “Negro blood” somewhere in their family. Furthermore, this view of sickle-cell anemia being a racial disease caused great controversy regarding interracial marriages. In addition, blacks according to Julius Bauer, “should not be admitted into the
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Response 11 - John Xu 10/18/07 Response 11 The earliest...

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