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23April08 - B 6 million Jews 6 million Magyars Gypsies...

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The Tide Turns and The Holocaust/Shoah Lecture Reading – Sherman Chapter 24, pages 737-750. I) Tide Turns Against Axis Powers A) Huge losses in Russia B) British army holds in Egypt C) Japanese code broken D) Afrika Corps surrenders E) Battle northward in Italy F) Allies reach the French coastline II) Allied Powers Defeat Axis Powers A) Hitler refuses to negotiate B) Germany finally surrenders May 8, 1945 C) Japan also refuses to negotiate D) US bombs Hiroshima and Nagasaki August 6 and 9, 1945, with 130,000 immediate deaths E) Japanese surrender on August 15, 1945 III)The Holocaust/Shoah IV)Final Solution A) Continues to use science and technology to create terror in civilian populations B) New scale and purpose C) No economic gain D) Rational, methodical, and intense (1938-1945) V) How could this happen? A) Participation of all countries and classes
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Unformatted text preview: B) 6 million Jews, 6 million Magyars, Gypsies, Slavs C) Emblematic of problems in Western Civilization (nationalities, anti-Semitism) D) Where is the modern world headed? E) Context of the Question 1) In the context of using science and technology to create terror in civilian populations, this isn’t new 2) Why doesn’t the bombing of Hiroshima have the same impact? 3) Scale and purpose are different F) Questions 1) Do science and technology guarantee progress? 2) Can the Holocaust be explained? Can we avoid explaining it? VI)Consequences of the War A) Two “superpowers” replace the European balance of power B) Europe rebuilt through Marshall Plan C) “Cold War” begins D) Marks the decline of European influence, with decolonization as a direct result...
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