Chapter 15 Life Span - Chapter 15 Life Span Health...

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Chapter 15 Life Span, Health Promotion and Family Systems ERIKSON – psychosocial PIAGET – cognitive (interaction between individual and environment) Believes is completed by 15 or so years of age. FOWLER - spiritual KOHLBERG – moral. Believes it is completed in the early adult years Growth – 1 st 20 years of life. Includes physical changes, increase in size Development – occurs after the first 20 years of life. Includes an increase in function and skill Principles of Growth and Development Continuous, orderly sequential process, however pace is uneven (rapid growth during puberty) Cephalacaudal growth – growth from head down. Infants gain head control before extremities. Proximal to distal growth – growth from midline of body to extremities. Infants roll over before they grasp. General to specific – walking is learned before running or skipping FACTORS THAT EFFECT GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT Genes – these are established at conception and include physical stature and race Environment – family, religion, culture, climate, culture, school, community, nutrition.
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