Contemporary Issues-Exam 1

Contemporary Issues-Exam 1 - CLASSIFICATIONS (TYPES) OF...

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CLASSIFICATIONS (TYPES) OF LAWS Common Law Common law is defined as law derived from principles rather than rules and regulations. It is based on justice, reason, and common sense. Civil Law Civil law may be said to be based on rules and regulations. Civil law may also be used to distinguish that area of law concerned with the rights and duties of private persons and citizens. Civil law is administered between citizens (private persons) and is enforced through the courts as damages or money compensation. No fine or imprisonment is assessed in civil law, and injured parties usually collect money damages from individuals who have harmed them. The court, however, may also decide that an action, known as specific performance, be performed rather than allow money damages, if the court deems that specific performance best aids the injured party. For example, in a contract dispute, the court may force an employer to reinstate a previously discharged worker and to pay the worker compensation for the time he was without employment. Civil law may be further divided into a variety of legal specialties: contract law, labor law, patent law, and tort law. Perhaps the most important area of law to the professional nurse, tort law involves compensation to those wrongfully injured by others’ actions. Public Law Public law is the branch of law concerned with the state in its political capacity. The relationship of a person to the state is at the crux of public law. Perhaps the best example of public law is the entire field of criminal law. Criminal Law
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Contemporary Issues-Exam 1 - CLASSIFICATIONS (TYPES) OF...

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