18th century

18th century - Voltaire wrote the satirical novel Candide,...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style The Eighteenth Century Age of Enlightenment
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Early 18th C Politics Of the three major absolute rulers of the 17th C only Louis XIV is still alive as the 18th C begins and with his death in 1715 France begins to have political problems Spain which came under Louis’s control in 1700 fought for and won its independence in 1713 under Philip V (Louis’s grandson) Afterward, countries of Europe develop a stronger sense of national identity
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The Enlightenment Also called the “Age of Reason” in which it was believed that thinking rather than faith could solve the world’s problems The Philosophes believed that through reason we could achieve a perfect society Rational humanism is the philosophy based on the belief that freedom of thought is necessary for society
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Philosophes Denis Diderot compiled the first encyclopedia of Western knowledge
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Unformatted text preview: Voltaire wrote the satirical novel Candide, or Optimism Montesquieu wrote satires and political essays designed to convey a social message Rousseau argued for a simpler society in his Confessions Philosophy in Germany and England Leibniz was a rationalist and an optimist believing this is the best of all possible worldsinvented calculus Kant was a transcendental mytaphysician attempting to combine nature and God Thomas Hume was a skeptic believing that there could be no certainty about the unprovable including God Mary Wollstonecraft advocated womens rights Art of the Eighteenth Century The style called Rococo dominates the first half of the 18th C and is a frivolous and free style of painting. By mid-century Revolutionary art will begin to replace Recoco....
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18th century - Voltaire wrote the satirical novel Candide,...

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