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fhs-2 3 - Filesystem Hierarchy Standard Filesystem...

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Filesystem Hierarchy Standard Filesystem Hierarchy Standard Group Edited by Rusty Russell Daniel Quinlan Christopher Yeoh
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Filesystem Hierarchy Standard by Filesystem Hierarchy Standard Group Edited by Rusty Russell, Daniel Quinlan, and Christopher Yeoh Published January 28 2004 Copyright © 1994-2004 Daniel Quinlan Copyright © 2001-2004 Paul ’Rusty’ Russell Copyright © 2003-2004 Christopher Yeoh This standard consists of a set of requirements and guidelines for file and directory placement under UNIX-like operating systems. The guidelines are intended to support interoperability of applications, system administration tools, development tools, and scripts as well as greater uniformity of documentation for these systems. All trademarks and copyrights are owned by their owners, unless specifically noted otherwise. Use of a term in this document should not be regarded as affecting the validity of any trademark or service mark. Permission is granted to make and distribute verbatim copies of this standard provided the copyright and this permission notice are preserved on all copies. Permission is granted to copy and distribute modified versions of this standard under the conditions for verbatim copying, provided also that the title page is labeled as modified including a reference to the original standard, provided that information on retrieving the original standard is included, and provided that the entire resulting derived work is distributed under the terms of a permission notice identical to this one. Permission is granted to copy and distribute translations of this standard into another language, under the above conditions for modified versions, except that this permission notice may be stated in a translation approved by the copyright holder.
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Table of Contents 1. Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ 1 1.1. Purpose .................................................................................................................................................... 1 1.2. Conventions ............................................................................................................................................. 1 2. The Filesystem .................................................................................................................................................... 2 3. The Root Filesystem ........................................................................................................................................... 3 3.1. Purpose .................................................................................................................................................... 3 3.2. Requirements ........................................................................................................................................... 4 3.3. Specific Options ...................................................................................................................................... 4 3.4. /bin : Essential user command binaries (for use by all users) ................................................................. 4 3.4.1. Purpose ....................................................................................................................................... 4 3.4.2. Requirements .............................................................................................................................. 5 3.4.3. Specific Options .......................................................................................................................... 6 3.5. /boot : Static files of the boot loader ....................................................................................................... 6 3.5.1. Purpose ....................................................................................................................................... 6 3.5.2. Specific Options .......................................................................................................................... 7 3.6. /dev : Device files .................................................................................................................................... 7 3.6.1. Purpose ....................................................................................................................................... 7 3.6.2. Specific Options .......................................................................................................................... 7 3.7. /etc : Host-specific system configuration ................................................................................................ 7 3.7.1. Purpose ....................................................................................................................................... 7 3.7.2. Requirements .............................................................................................................................. 7 3.7.3. Specific Options .......................................................................................................................... 7 3.7.4. /etc/opt : Configuration files for /opt .......................................................................................... 8 3.7.4.1. Purpose ........................................................................................................................... 9 3.7.4.2. Requirements ................................................................................................................. 9 3.7.5. /etc/X11 : Configuration for the X Window System (optional) .................................................. 9 3.7.5.1. Purpose ........................................................................................................................... 9 3.7.5.2. Specific Options ............................................................................................................. 9 3.7.6. /etc/sgml : Configuration files for SGML (optional) .................................................................. 9 3.7.6.1. Purpose ......................................................................................................................... 10 3.7.7. /etc/xml : Configuration files for XML (optional) .................................................................... 10 3.7.7.1. Purpose ......................................................................................................................... 10 3.8. /home : User home directories (optional) .............................................................................................. 10 3.8.1. Purpose ..................................................................................................................................... 10 3.8.2. Requirements ............................................................................................................................ 10 3.9. /lib : Essential shared libraries and kernel modules .............................................................................. 10 3.9.1. Purpose ..................................................................................................................................... 10 3.9.2. Requirements ............................................................................................................................ 10 3.9.3. Specific Options ........................................................................................................................ 11 3.10. /lib<qual> : Alternate format essential shared libraries (optional) ..................................................... 11 3.10.1. Purpose ................................................................................................................................... 11 3.10.2. Requirements .......................................................................................................................... 11 3.11. /media : Mount point for removeable media ....................................................................................... 11 3.11.1. Purpose ................................................................................................................................... 11 3.11.2. Specific Options ...................................................................................................................... 12 3.12. /mnt : Mount point for a temporarily mounted filesystem .................................................................. 12 3.12.1. Purpose ................................................................................................................................... 12 3.13. /opt : Add-on application software packages
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