Response 11 - John Xu 11/9/07 The chapter regarding...

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John Xu 11/9/07 The chapter regarding software in Computer describes the early history of how software came about in the world of computing. It explains the difficulties of software development not only in terms of technological problems, but using social and economic examples. The development of software started with the Cambridge model, as much of ideas regarding programming at the time were put into a single textbook. Then with the creation of new programming languages, more obstacles arose. The use of FORTRAN proved to be very important as “programs that had taken days or weeks to write and get working could not be completed in hours or days” (171). Consequently, FORTRAN became a commonly used computer programming language for scientific purposes. Meanwhile, COBOL was being developed for business use, and economic problems arose due to the constant rewriting of programs due to replacement of computers. Eventually, this problem was fixed with CODASYL “to design a new standard language
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Response 11 - John Xu 11/9/07 The chapter regarding...

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