Chapter 6: Self Concept, Identity, and Motivation Zachary Regan Psychosocial Development: • Erickson provided a framework for understanding children’s personal development. Children need a safe and secure environment and order to develop a sense of trust. They also need opportunities to initiate activities and learn about their different strengths and options for the future. Foundations of social and emotional development: • Children differently and temperamental characteristics. Some children are predisposed to be sociable, emotionally expressive, reactive, or withdrawn. Parents, teachers, and other caregivers play an important role in the continuity of temperamental characteristics. • Children social and emotional development began with the early attachment and relations. Children need secure attachments with parents who warm, responsive, and caring. • With development, children become better interpreters of people’s emotions and better able to use this information in regulating their behavior. They also become better able to express and understand complex emotions such as embarrassment, guilt, and jealousy. Gender and cultural expectations can influence what emotions express and how they expressed. • Between the ages of five and 12, children show an increase the ability to use cognitive behavioral strategies for controlling impulses, tolerating frustration, and delaying gratification.
• Schools can play an important role in development of emotional competence in the classroom.
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- Fall '11
- Psychology, Emotional and Behavioral Disorders