Group_8_Project_2.docx - Running head UNITED AIRLINES...

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Running head: UNITED AIRLINES FLIGHT 232 – PROJECT 2 1 United Airlines Flight 232 – Project 2 Miguel Andrew F. Santos Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University
UNITED AIRLINES FLIGHT 232 – PROJECT 2 2 Abstract The paper will provide a detailed investigation and review of an aircraft accident involving the failure of a turbine engine of United Airlines Flight 232, a McDonnell Douglas DC-10-10 aircraft, equipped with three General Electric Aircraft Engines (GEAE) CF6-60 turbofan engines. Further, the paper will examine the investigation by providing respective sections within the paper. Sections will include a brief accident overview, and specifications, operation, and dynamics of the engine. The researchers will then provide a component failure assessment that is established by employing investigation techniques that aid in the investigation of a propulsion plant. By streamlining the focus on aviation safety, the theme of the paper, viable recommendations to prevent similar propulsion plant failures will be detailed and evaluated. Suggestions not included in the National Transport Safety Board (NTSB) accident report will be incorporated of which external authorities may refer to for future research relating to this accident. The paper will then conclude with a culmination of the review. Keywords : United Airlines, General Electric Aircraft Engines, National Transport Safety Board, accident overview, propulsion plant, review
UNITED AIRLINES FLIGHT 232 – PROJECT 2 3 United Airlines Flight 232 – Project 2 Revolutionizing propulsion technology and contributing to the drastic change in the aviation industry, aircraft turbine engines have continuously superseded past engineering, this specifically points to the reciprocating engines. Installed in many of the existing jumbo jets, such as the Boeing 737s and the Airbus A380s, turbine engines offer exponential power compared to piston engines but at the same time higher efficiency. And these turbine engines come in various types, including the turbofan, turbojet, and turboprop. Unlike, many reciprocating engines, the technology vested into creating a turbine engine has become more reliable as well reducing significantly the rate of aircraft accidents while increasing aviation safety, but as the basic operations of the distinct turbine engine types are generally similar, there are many causes or factors that can severely impact the performance of turbine engines and also the structural integrity of particular components/systems (Anderson, 2009). Thus, in order to unceasingly deter recurrences of catastrophic accidents which inherently reduces costs in the aviation industry, aviation investigations must be conducted. What this means, is that air accident investigators must be well-versed in many of the functions and inter-linking operations in each section of the engine, this comprising of the inlet, compressor, combustion, turbine, exhaust, and accessory sections. On top of the overall design and construction of turbine engines, it is crucially

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