notes5exam3

notes5exam3 - Exam 3 Notes a. Iliadic characters/characters...

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Exam 3 Notes a. Iliadic characters/characters and stories from the Trojan War (Know who these people are and their main importance/s for the Trojan War cycle of myths i. Group 1 1. Leda a. Queen of Sparta, wife of King Tyndareus b. Zeus comes to her in the form of a swan c. Both Tyndareus and Zeus have sex with her on same night i. Have two sets of twins 1. Boy + Helen 2. Boy + Clytemnestra 2. Tyndareus a. King of Sparta b. Father of Helen c. Because Helen is the most beautiful woman in the world she has many suitors, and Tyndareus is afraid that the rejected suitors will turn on him when he makes his choice d. Wily Odysseus knows that he is too poor to be chosen as Helen’s husband, so he goes to Tyndareus and offers a solution to his dilemma, if only he will arrange Odysseus’ marriage with Penelope: i. Called the Oath of Tyndareus 1. Suitors must swear an oath before Zeus that they will all get together and punish any suitor who steals Helen 3. Helen 4. Menelaus
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5. The Oath of the Suitors of Helen ii. Group 2 1. Peleus 2. Thetis 3. Achilles 4. Judgment of Paris 5. Other reasons for the beginning of the Trojan War iii. Group 3 1. Priam a. King of Troy b. Married to Queen Hecuba c. Slain at alter when city is taken at the end of the war 2. Hecuba a. Queen of Troy, married to Priam 3. Paris a. b. “player” effeminate, predator, not to be trusted, sensual c. Almost killed by Menelaus in one-on-one battle i. Saved by Aphrodite ii. “pansy” iii. Not a very good warrior iv. Takes Helen v. Kills Achilles (Ironic) 1. Killed by an arrow in the heel
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2. In antiquity, bow & arrow was considered the weapon of cowards b/c you don’t need to be near someone (face to face) to kill them 4. Hektor a. Brother of Paris b. Parallel to Achilles; only bested by him c. Married to Andromache d. Son Astyanax i. Baby thrown off wall of Troy e. Shown as human i. f. Killed by Achilles as revenge for killing Petroklos i. Achilles drags his body around the city many times to mutilate it 5. Andromache a. Wife of Hektor 6. Astyanax a. Son of Hektor, see above 7. Cassandra a. Prophetess of Apollo i. Apollo loved her, but she refused to bear him a child ii. He gave her the gift of prophecy, but also cursed her so that no one would believe her b. Foretells the fall of Troy & the Trojan horse, but no one believes her!
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c. Foretells her death & the death of Agamemnon, again no one believes her d. Daughter of Priam e. Is killed by Clytemnestra iv. Group 4 1. Agamemnon a. Greek b. “Lord of Men” c. Story of the sacrifice of his daughter, Iphigeneia i. Iphegeneia must be sacrificed to placate Artemis & win battle ii. Clytemnestra will never forgive Agamemnon for killing Iphigeneia d. Story of his fight with Achilles in Book 1 of the Iliad 2. Chryses a. Apollo’s priest 3. Chryseis a. Chryses’s daughter b. Taken as Agamemnon’s spoils c. Father, Chryses, prays to Apollo, so Apollo sends a plague
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notes5exam3 - Exam 3 Notes a. Iliadic characters/characters...

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