notes2exam1 - Notes Exam 1 Classical Mythology I Theories...

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Notes – Exam 1 – Classical Mythology I. Theories of Myth Interpretation a. Moral Allegory i. The interpretation of myth as a system of advice on good/bad behavior ii. Example: Apollo & Daphne 1. Apollo pursues Daphne, Daphne prays to get away and turns into a laurel tree 2. MORAL: Preserve Chastity b. Physical Allegory i. Apollo= fire, Posiedon=water 1. Conflict of the two gods is the opposition of fire and water ii. Kronos= time, Children=ages 1. Story that Kronos devoured them means that “time consumes the ages” c. Metaphysical Allegory d. Solar Mythology i. Max Muller ii. Early humans created myths because they were in awe of nature e. Charter Myth / Aition / Etiological Tale** i. Malinkowski 1. Said that myths are culturally relevant stories that try to explain why things are the way they are ii. Myth with explanatory purpose 1. Story of Apollo & Daphne, story of Io, etc. SEE AITION f. Frazer, Harrison, and the Cambridge School of Myth-Ritual * i. Frazer ii. Harrison iii. Myths explain social rituals 1.
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