notes3exam2

notes3exam2 - I. Mythological Characters (for the...

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I. Mythological Characters (for the Olympians, be able to identify them by their image/symbols!!) a. Zeus i. Characteristics 1. 2. Leader of Xenia a. Host-guest relations in terms of gift-giving 3. Symbols: a. Lightning, scepter, scales (to weigh your fate), eagle 4. Known for his intelligence 5. Known to be impartial, but has sympathy for mortals 6. Father of the fates (the moirai), but still can’t control the fates a. The moirai apportion birth, length of life, and death b. When you are supposed to die, you must die c. Ex: Sarpedon, Zeus’s son, fights Petrocles, who kills Sarpedon d. Zeus becomes emotional and heartbroken e. Told by another god to stay within his boundaries and not to abuse his powers, so he must let Sarpedon die. ii. Typical behaviors iii. Attributes 1. Diplomacy a. Zeus frees the Cyclopes and they give him thunder and lightning in return i. “made a deal” ii. First time in the story 2. Brute Force/ Aggression a. Uses his thunderbolts to set fire to earth to destroy Typhoeus (dragon) iv. Sexuality 1. Has at least 115 affairs v. Spheres of influence vi. Common portrayals vii. Associated rituals viii.Epithets 1. Dyaus Pitar (Sanskrit) 2. Jupiter (Roman) 3. Zeus (Greek) ix. Typical location for sanctuaries 1. Many shrines are atop mountains because it rains a lot and it is close to the clouds 2. Ex: Mt. Ida on Crete, where Zeus supposedly grew up b. Hera i. Characteristics 1. Jealous wife 2. Seduces Zeus only when she wants to deceive him 3. Goddess of both marriage and virginity a. But none of her epithets deal with virginity, and her marriage is unpleasant 4. Supposed to be the typical wife, but never bears any respectable children ii. Typical behaviors 1. Punishes women who have affairs with Zeus and their children 2. Ex: sends snakes to baby Herakles, son of Alkmene & Zeus
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iii. Attributes iv. Sexuality v. Spheres of influence vi. Common portrayals (especially jealousy) vii. Associated rituals viii.Epithets 1. Juno c. Marriage of Zeus and Hera i. Characteristics ii. Myths and/or rituals that exemplify the marriage d. Athena i. Characteristics 1. Associated with production of olive oil 2. Goddess of crafts a. Created Trojan horse? b. Inventor of plow, first ship, bridle (horses) c. Patroness of potters d. 3. Goddess of scheming and trickery ii. Typical behaviors iii. Attributes iv. Asexuality v. Spheres of influence vi. Common portrayals 1. Owl 2. Olive tree 3. Helmet thing on her head vii. Typical location for sanctuaries viii.Names of heroes she often helps ix. Associated cities 1. Athens
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a. Parthenon 2. Sparta x. Associated rituals and festivals 1. Panathenaia a. Yearly festival of Athena i. Start by taking fire from altar of Prometheus ii. Bring it through Athens to Parthenon (relay race) iii. All members of society are involved in parade 1. Young girls bring robes
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notes3exam2 - I. Mythological Characters (for the...

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