Hist2057-Test1 - Mending a Dividing Nation...

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Mending a Dividing Nation: Reconstruction (1865-1877)I.Abraham Lincoln and Reconstructiona.Concerned with reuniting the country; meant to be lenient and quicka.i.Amnesty(won’t be prosecuted) to all confederates once they took the oath of allegiance a.ii.When 10% of the voting population of a state signs the oath of allegiance, they may start forming a state government to petition to be readmitteda.ii.1.State government had to:a.ii.1.a.Abolish slaverya.ii.1.b.Deny that states had an ability to secede from the uniona.iii.Process begins before war ends; begins where union forces had occupied and taken controla.iii.1.Louisiana is the first to be readmitteda.iii.2.By the end of the war 4 states had been readmitted b.Assassinated in 1865; Andrew Johnson takes overII.Andrew Johnson and Reconstructiona.People assumed he would be more severe because:a.i.He was a Southerner and a democrata.ii.Poor and against a planter elitea.iii.Did not believe the south had the right to secede a.iv.Thought his policy would be for revengeb.However, he was even more lenient than Lincolnb.i.Granted more generous amnestyb.ii.Appointed governors in states that had not yet been readmittedb.ii.1.Their responsibility to re-organize state governmentb.iii.People who voted to secede from the union are the same people who are making new governmentb.iv.By the end of 1865 all states except Texas were readmittedc.13thAmendment- 1865c.i.Abolishes slaveryc.i.1.Emancipation proclamation only abolished slavery in the confederacyc.ii.Troubling because:c.ii.1.Slaves now count for population count even though blacks can’t vote or run for officec.ii.1.a.Therefore, the rich who voted to secede have even more power than beforec.ii.2.Black codesc.ii.2.a.Discriminate against African Americansc.ii.2.a.i.No right to vote, own property, serve on a jury, etc.c.ii.2.b.Slavery was re-instituted in a different way, so congress tries to limit thisc.iii.Freedman’s Bureauc.iii.1.Government agency designed to help former slaves in their transition from slavery to freedom
c.iii.1.a.Help them find jobs, get more skills, etc.c.iii.2.Wanted to be given more money and abilities to prevent black codesc.iii.2.a.Wanted to make housing programs, schools, etc.c.iii.2.b.Was vetoed by President Johnsond.14thAmendmentd.i.Designed to give the former slaves equal rights as citizensd.ii.Weren’t allowed to vote; not seen as a basic right of citizenship d.iii.Suggests that states should give them the right to voted.iii.1.says that if blacks can’t vote then those people can’t be counted in populationd.iii.2.this was so that they wouldn’t have greater representation congress, not for black’s rightsd.iv.Excluded anyone who had held an important public office in the confederacy to run for office again d.v.Johnson encouraged people not to ratify this amendment ; all southern states didn’t ratify it e.Radical Republican Reconstruction (Reconstruction Acts of 1867)e.i.Created because no southern state ratifies the 14thamendmente.ii.

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