Final 2 - John Xu HD 266 Final Exam 1. Soft tactile...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
John Xu HD 266 Final Exam 1. Soft tactile stimulation is necessary for the development of human social bonds because the soft touch causes a response in the somatosensory cortex, stimulating the anterior insular cortex, which activates the rostral anterior cingulate cortex, leading to the release of the beta-endorphins in the hypothalamus. This beta-endorphin release induces a calming state in the person, which becomes associated with the source of the soft tactile stimulation via the basolateral amygdala. This association is the linking of a person to a consummatory reward is characteristic of the formation of a social bond. 2. Emotional distress is caused by the activation of the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex, a similar pathway of actual physical pain. This activation then causes the basolateral amygdala to form a connection between the pain and stimulus. The basolateral amygdala activates the central amygdala, which provides information regarding levels of arousal to the lateral hypothalamus. The lateral hypothalamus’ output to the spinal cord elicits an autonomic response that is characterized as affective pain resulting from the stimulus (social rejection). This autonomic response is signaled to the thalamus via the hypothalamus, and is then sent to cortical levels. In particular, the anterior insula cortex is
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 2

Final 2 - John Xu HD 266 Final Exam 1. Soft tactile...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online