Psychology of Sexuality Final The Hite Report, 1987-95% “emotional and psychological harassment” from lover -76% of cheaters feel guilty about infidelity -98% want to make “basic changes” in their love relationships -77% say main for anger “he doesn’t listen”-71% in “long” marriage give up -91% of women initiated the divorce -87% of married women said “deepest relationship” with another woman 4,500 women, pen-paper and anonymous This study is taught to other students “how to NOTdo a study”100,000 women sampled (only 4.5% responded) they were in the higher rank of work society so they might have adapted a personality Volunteer respondent!! Low respond rate! Went to women groups Not generalizable BIAS (shared heights) poor sampling! Not a good representation of the population -Self-Report “Reliability” an issue? So, free from reporting error/distortions Reliable: Purposeful Distortion (Social Desirability) Some conceal, some enlarge -How generalizable?An issue in ALL of research Volunteers: Higher IQ, SES (on average), Social Approval (please people) Lower SES: have more things to do other than the lab. Some content more subject to BIASUnconventional, Privacy, Embarrassment, Threat Draws some, but scares others away -Can Study how biased it is When differences occur and what matter more?Study differences between Non Volunteers Two different recruitment Ads:-“Sex, Personality and Sexual Film Study” (volunteer)Vs -Personality study & Popular Films? (Non-volunteer)BOTH same sex and personality questionsBogaert (1996) -Volunteers: more sex & more liberal sexual attitudes, less rule following, break norms, more sensation seeking, Morokoff (1986) -“Invasiveness”: when we do research, think are those people “Generalizable” to the population?
-If they did the study, everyone (women) are VONLUNTEERS -> how many then will agree to do the second experiment (going to the lab and physically have intercourse): 67%! (look at the questions,see the women who agreed to go to the second stage if they are different) Foot in the door technique!! >< Door in the face technique!!(works if someone say no, feelbad -> should give something bad) How were they different:More sexual experiences: intercourse or non-intercourse with the ones who go to next step Masturbate more More “unusual sex” (1986): same sex, sex toy, rear entry (not anal sex, but doggy style) -A lot of gay and hetero men are comfortable with anal sex (prostate), but if they stay in a group with other men then most men will be less likely to admit it. When they stay in a group, their reactto having anal sex with their female partners was: homophobic(question their manliness). If a man has no problem penetrating his female partner anally, but when it comes to him and he wont even consider it, then it is homophobic and irrational.