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Theories of Counseling ChartAs you progress through this course, you will create a Theories of Counseling Chart summarizing key aspects of each theory. As you review the theories each week in COUN 5239 – Theories of Psychotherapy, complete the “Enter text here” box sections of this chart. There is also a section for you to draft a statement reflecting your personal model of counseling. You will be able to refer to this personalized chart throughout your classes, into your fieldwork, and as you prepare for your licensure exam. List of Theories Psychoanalytic and Psychodynamic Therapy:
Adlerian TheoryExistential TherapyGestalt TherapyPerson-Centered TherapyBehavioral TherapyCognitive TherapyCognitive Behavior TherapyRational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT)Reality TherapyFeminist TherapyComplementary and Alternative TherapiesNarrative TherapySolution-Focused TherapyFamily SystemsPersonal Model of Counseling:Provide a statement (2-3 sentences) that summarizes your current view of the nature of people, how and why they do well or develop problems, and how counseling can support them in working through challenges. Ensure your statement reflects your primary preferred theoretical approach. 1
Theories of Counseling ChartPsychanalytic and Psychodynamic Therapy2
Theories of Counseling ChartKey ConceptsWhat are some of the keypropositions of the theory? How and why do people develop problems? Sigmund Freud –ID – Instinct and forms the basis of the unconscious mindEgo – Mediates between instinct and moral thought Superego – moral component that houses beliefs of right and wrong 3 Levels of mind - The unconscious: instincts, deep belief and pattern of thought – not consciously aware, make up of who we are, what we want and how we behave.The subconscious/preconscious: this level is between the conscious and unconscious, just below the surface of consciousness and can be called upon. The conscious: fully aware, the least defining content Theory of ChangeHow can therapy help a person overcome problems? What must a person do to improve his or her functioning?- Enhance self-awareness- Understanding clients thoughts, feelings and beliefs in relation to past experiences, specifically childhood. InterventionsWhat techniques does the counselor use to helpbring about change? Several types of intervention. Evenly Hovering Attention: The more neutral you are the purer the client’s projections. Transference: believed fantasy is a representation of memories and unresolved conflicts of childhood. Countertransference: therapists’ projections of thoughts, feelings(negative & positive).Brief therapy applied to situations of rape, accident, acute psychological disturbances and(or) traumatic family eventCBT or IPTArt/Music Therapy Tools/Techniques: DSM InkblotsFree AssociationDream AnalysisWho Is in Charge?