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Liberty UniversityMaster of Molecular MedicineMSCI 500Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) of the UterusCaelan HuffID: L28352446September 27, 2020Words: 1428
INTRODUCTIONPelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a bacterial infection of the female reproductive organs and is very common in women all around the world. The main cause of PID is due to bacteria traveling from the vagina and cervix up to the uterus, ovaries, or fallopian tubes. In the event that PID goes untreated, it can result in abscesses, infertility, and chronic pelvic pain. Women who are at risk for this disease are usually women under the age of 25 (but PID is not limited to age 25), women who have multiple sex partners, and women who have a partner whois sleeping with others. One way women can unknowingly make the problem worse is by douching. Douching is a form of vaginal cleansing that may cause the bacteria to be pushed up into the uterus, rather than expelling it from the body. PID can have lifelong effects on an individual and should be taken very seriously. Becauseof the extent of the symptoms and effects, it is easily dismissed as something smaller, which may in turn create a bigger problem in the end. For women, it is incredibly important to be aware of their body and the changes it may experience so a problem like PID can be treated early and not warrant any lifelong effects. Throughout this paper, PID will be discussed based onits epidemiology, symptoms and treatments, pathology, and clinical research present today. EPIDEMIOLOGY AND ETIOLOGY Social determinants of health are a huge factor in the development of a disease, as well as the occurrence of the disease in patients. Women all around the world are susceptible to thisdisease, but because of the medical attention, or lack thereof, it can go unnoticed or never actually even be reported. In the US, over 1 million women are treated annually for PID; this accounts for approximately 10 percent of the female population that have access to the medical
facilities needed for treatment- numbers may actually be higher than reported. In Sweden, 15 percent of women are diagnosed with PID over their lifetime. Developing countries have almost double the percentage of PID in women (32%) due to the lack of medical attention, cleanliness, and living conditions. Indigenous women with high rates of PID also show higher rates of