ASB337 - Mesoamerican Cultural Traditions 1. Lec 1.1:...

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Mesoamerican Cultural Traditions1.Lec 1.1: Mesoamerican region (left to right)a.West Mexicoand Northern fortier Mexicoi.Kinda unknownii.Saft tomb figurine in west mexico- people are buried1.See elements of mesoamerican life, dress, status variationb.Central Highlands(Valley of Mexico)- East and Central Mexicoi.Tenochtitlan is capital of Aztec1.Right in the same place that Mexico City is centered today2.Plaza of tenochtitlan is the same plaza of the Zocalo in MexicoCityii.Teotihuacan is great monumental center outside of this region1.Collapsed by AD 600 long before Spaniards came and before theyfound Aztecs in Tenochtitlanc.Oaxacan region(Valley of Oaxaca)i.Monte Alban- hilltop capital1.One of the earliest cities beginning about 500BC before commoneraii.Mixtec and Zapotec (cloud people)- indigenous groups who survived upuntil present day and provide us with enormous cultural info about pastbeliefsd.Olmec Heartland- North of Mexicoi.famous for early formative and middle formative developments of Olmecculture and tradition, famous for monumentalityii.Famous examples from Veracruz Gulf Lowlands region aka Gulf CoastLowlands1.Colossal heads/ olmec heads- 12000- 500BC, 40 tons, carved outas blocks from mountains that were up to 50 miles awaye.Mayai.Southern Maya Lowlands1.Where Maya tradition formed, great monumental architecture,fantastic inscriptions, beautiful painted vases and jades2.Around 200AD or CE (common era)- 900 CE3.Scientific, engineering and astronautical development happened4.Tikal2.Lec 1.2: Mesomerian Traditionsa.Beige Area called NorthWest area (includes west Mexico, Northern Frontier, andalso outside of the Mesoamericab.Mesoamerica doesn’t begin at the international boundaryi.Begins far into Mexicoii.Depends on how you define Mesoamerica and what period of time beingtalked aboutc.Gulf Coast area called Old Mac Heartland or Vera Cruz lowlands or Gulf Coastlowlands
d.Northern Frontier Region

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Mesoamerica, Olmec, Mesoamerican chronology, Geography of Mesoamerica, John Clark, d Olmec Heartland North of Mexico

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