POLS 102 Test 1

POLS 102 Test 1 - POLS 102 Test 1 Jan. 15th-17th a....

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
POLS 102 Test 1 Jan. 15 th -17th a. Politics- deciding who gets what, when, and how b. political science- the study of politics; who governs, for what ends and by what means c. government- organization extending to the whole society that can legitimately use force to carry out its decisions d. legitimacy- widespread acceptance of something as necessary, rightful and legally binding e. social contract- idea that gov. originates as an implied contract among individuals who agree to obey laws in exchange for protection of their rights f. Thomas Hobbes- g. John Locke- English political philosopher (1632-1704) believed in a natural law which gave every person guaranteed liberties over any law or government h. Public goods- goods and services that cannot readily be provided by markets, either because they are too expensive for a single individual to buy or because if one person bought them, everyone else would use them without paying i. Free market- free competition for voluntary exchange among individuals, firms, and corporations j. Preamble to the Constitution
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Jan 22 nd -24 th a. Plurality- largest number of votes wins but is less then 51% b. democracy as process c. commonality d. republic e. politics f. oligarchy- small group of rulers who were not chosen in a meaningful sense g. autocracy-gov. by one person who was not elected in a meaningful sense h. extraordinary (super) majority- 2/3 majority or ¾ i. group autonomy j. social equality k. economic equality l. social contract m. democratic ideals n. Alexis de Tocqueville o. Political efficacy p. Paradox of democracy- potential for conflict between individual freedom and majority rule q. Totalitarianism- rule by an elite that exercises unlimited power over individuals in all aspects of life r. Elitist perspective- political system in which power is concentrated in the hands of a relatively small group of individuals or institutions s. Pluralist perspective- theory that democracy can be achieved through competition among multiple organized groups and that individuals can participate in politics through group memberships and elections t. Direct democracy- participatory, citizens are government
Background image of page 2
u. Political culture- widely shared views about who should govern, for what ends, and by what means
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 7

POLS 102 Test 1 - POLS 102 Test 1 Jan. 15th-17th a....

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online