Microbio 303 3.2.F2012.post - Learning Goals The Genetic Code Translation Students will understand that translation of mRNA to protein is preformed by

Microbio 303 3.2.F2012.post - Learning Goals The Genetic...

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1 The Genetic Code Translation Learning Goals Students will understand that translation of mRNA to protein is preformed by the ribosome Students will be able to name and explain the major cellular components required for protein synthesis Students will know what codons and anti-codons are, and why stop codons work to terminate translation. Students will understand that the functional structures of the ribosome are made of RNA Students will know the basic differences in mRNA required for translation in bacteria, archaea, and eukarya. DNA mRNA Protein (functional unit) transcription translation Central Dogma Recall the central dogma, process that governs all life. Translation in principle Convert information To a functional product
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2 Translation in principle Consider replication and transcription compared to translation. Nucleic acids to amino acids …. Or.. French to German. DNA RNA Protein Translation in principle The relevant molecule was predicted by Francis Crick and designated an adaptor . mRNA Polypeptide chain tRNA The genetic code -Must be co-linear -4 nucleotides, -20 amino acids simplest word would be 3 nucleotides/amino acid.
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