london - In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries,...

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In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, Southwark was seen as the more disrespectable section of the London area. It was not always this way however. Southwark was founded in the thirteenth century and was a nice place to live, although always a source of “pleasure”. It was known for its open gardens and beautiful townhouses right on the riverbank. In the fourteenth century the Bishop of Winchester built his home in Southwark, along with other important citizens. The main reason for the vast population was the easy transportation of the Thames. Also, it was the only suburb outside of the city walls to the south. Three main Roman roads came through Southwark as well, making it a crossroads for travelers and nobles visiting the city. So how did Southwark go from one of the most titled places to live, to a despicable rot of earth? Two factors, first the laws passed to “control” Southwark, and secondly the types of people and trade these laws attracted. In 1550, the CITY purchased rights to Southwark, with the exception to The Clink and Paris Gardens, called the Charter of 1550. This gave the CITY the right to make arrests in Southwark, without representation in the CITY government. Thus, Southwark became an extension of the CITY and was oppressed since they had no say in the judicial decisions. Because of this immigrants flocked to these regions of privileged living, since they could practice their trade without apprenticeship. The CITY saw these people as troublesome and thought of them as avoiding honest labor. The tighter the constraints grew around Southwark the more people needed a venue to relieve their stress. Through drinking and theatre they were able to do so. As the Saxon period came to an end in 1066 London had begun to develop some
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course GEOG 300 taught by Professor Shanahan during the Spring '08 term at Millersville.

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london - In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries,...

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