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Unformatted text preview: Eysenck, McCrae, and Costas Trait and Factor Theories B Overview of Trait and Factor Theories B Biography of Hans J. Eysenck B The Pioneering Work of Raymond B. Cattell B Basics of Factor Analysis B Eysencks Factor Theory Criteria for Identifying Factors Hierarchy of Behavior Organization B Dimensions of Personality Extraversion Neuroticism Psychoticism B Measuring Personality B Biological Bases of Personality B Personality as a Predictor Personality and Behavior Personality and Disease B The Big Five: Taxonomy or Theory? B Biographies of Robert R. McCrae and Paul T. Costa, Jr. B In Search of the Big Five Five Factors Found Description of the Five Factors B Evolution of the Five-Factor Theory Units of the Five-Factor Theory Basic Postulates B Related Research The Biology of Personality Traits Traits and Academics Traits and Emotion Eysenck McCrae Costa B Critique of Trait and Factor Theories B Concept of Humanity B Key Terms and Concepts 400 C H A P T E R 1 4 C hance and fortuity often play a decisive role in peoples lives. One such chance event happened to an 18-year-old German youth who had left his native coun- try as a consequence of Nazi tyranny. He eventually settled in England, where he tried to enroll in the University of London. He was an avid reader, interested in both the arts and the sciences, but his first choice of curriculum was physics. However, a chance event altered the ow of his life and consequently the course of the history of psychology. In order to be accepted into the university, he was required to pass an entrance examination, which he took after a years study at a commercial college. After passing the exam, he confidently enrolled in the Uni- versity of London, intending to major in physics. However, he was told that he had taken the wrong subjects in his entrance exam and therefore was not eligible to pur- sue a physics curriculum. Rather than waiting another year to take the right subjects, he asked if there was some scientific subject that he was qualified to pursue. When told he could always take psychology, he asked, What on earth is psychology? He had never heard of psychology, although he had some vague idea about psycho- analysis. Could psychology possibly be a science? However, he had little choice but to pursue a degree in psychology, so he promptly entered the university with a major in a discipline about which he knew almost nothing. Years later the world of psy- chology would know a great deal about Hans J. Eysenck, probably the most prolific writer in the history of psychology. In his autobiography, Eysenck (1997b) simply noted that by such chance events is ones fate decided by bureaucratic stupidity (p. 47)....
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