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Historical Analysis Essay Nicholas Small SNHU 8/20/2020 Hist 200
In the year 1857, in the United States of America, a man by the name of Dred Scott stood nervously as he awaited the ruling by the Supreme Court on his case for freedom. Regardless of the promises guaranteed to Mr. Scott via the Constitution and Bill of Rights, the Supreme Court decided against him and denied him his freedom. It was declared that any Americans from African descent were not Americans at all and therefore didn’t have the right to sue in the United States court system. While the decision by the Supreme Court may have been erroneous and evil, it has proved to have been an essential catalyst for positive change in America, as evidenced by the calls for civil justice, the election of Abraham Lincoln, and inevitably the American Civil War. The nation was in turmoil about the issue of slavery and politicians, like Democrat President James Buchanan, were desperate for the Supreme Court to make a decision that could end the slavery issue once and for all (Alexander, 2007, p.649). As dreadful as this decision was, history has proven it to have “been a necessary evil on the route to ending the deeply entrenched establishment of slavery in this country” (Jackson, 2011, p.377). Supreme Court Justice Robert Taney would be the voice of this decision and the cause of the ensuing uproar. The anger would start in the North with newspaper articles and demands for sweeping policy change. The hysteria drove people to promulgate the idea the slavery was not on its way out but being embraced as the national policy by the South and the politicians that supported them. Newspapers in the North were reporting that “the pro-slavery Supreme Court was creating a new Constitution that went against what the Framers believed, turning the United States into ‘the Land of Bondage.’ It was further suggested that since the United States would become synonymous with slavery, our flag ‘should have the light of the stars and the streaks of running red erased from it; it should be dyed black, and its device should be the whip and the fetter’” (Oswald, 2012, p.173-174). The
national pain and outrage were the perfect prerequisite for the Republicans going into the 1860 presidential election. As Dr. Roberta Alexander puts it, “Taney started a firestorm that

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