SO_315_Chapter_4_Powerpoint_Presentation

SO_315_Chapter_4_Powerpoint_Presentation - Chapter 4...

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Chapter 4 Chapter 4 Environmental Crime Environmental Crime Kevin McClincy Kevin McClincy February 4, 2008 February 4, 2008
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Statements of Harm Statements of Harm Ralph Nader – The harm done to human health and safety by business crime should dispel the ‘distinguishing’ characteristic of white collar crime as being absent of a physical threat. Gilbert Geis – It is quite possible that more people have died from corporate conduct or corporate condoned violence… than have victims of more traditional kinds of murder
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Types of Environmental Crimes Types of Environmental Crimes Chemical spills Dumping of industrial waste Water pollution Air pollution Workplace exposure Radioactive poisoning
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Two Ways Toxic Materials Illegally Two Ways Toxic Materials Illegally Released into Environment Released into Environment Negligent Actions of Participants Knowing Disregard for Safety
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Example of Negligent Action Example of Negligent Action Exxon Valdez 1989 oil spill from a grounded oil tanker Captain drunk $900 million civil penalty and $100 million criminal fine Villagers had 700 percent increase in emotional problems in months after spill
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Examples of Knowing Disregard for Safety Examples of Knowing Disregard for Safety Hooker Chemical at Love Canal, NY W.R. Grace (Cryovac) at Woburn, MA DuPont at Parkersburg, WV Sludge Runners
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Hooker Chemical at Love Canal, NY Hooker Chemical at Love Canal, NY From 1942-1953 Hooker Chemical (a subsidiary of Occidental Chemical) burned 20 million pounds of chemical waste in an abandoned waterway and then sold it for $1 to local Board of Education As early as 1958 Hooker Chemical knew the problem posed to Love Canal – but decided to do nothing In 1977 melting snow forced contaminated groundwater (sludge) in basements – 200 chemicals identified in sludge including dioxin. Of the 16 pregnancies in 1979 only one was a healthy baby: 4 miscarriages, 2 stillborns, 9 with birth defects Area evacuated 1995 Occidental agreed to pay $129 million for cleanup
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W.R. Grace at Woburn, MA W.R. Grace at Woburn, MA Woburn industries were leather tanning and chemical and plastic manufacturers Water supply was Lake Mishawum In 1974 Cryovac Division of W.R. Grace Co. dumped chemicals into a pit. Chemical leached into the drinking water Jury convicted but judge set aside the verdict W.R. Grace settled out of court for $8 million 1988 criminally indicted – plead guilty to one count and fined $10,000
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Made famous by Erin Brokovitch Chromium-6 leached into groundwater and into wells Drinking water from wells Birth defects, cancer $333 million settlement
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DuPont at Parkersburg, WV DuPont at Parkersburg, WV DuPont producing Teflon In 2004, EPA said chemical used to make Teflon caused
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course SOC 100 taught by Professor Roberts during the Spring '08 term at St. Vincent.

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SO_315_Chapter_4_Powerpoint_Presentation - Chapter 4...

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