PPE_Notes_1.23.08 - POS Ch 3 Traits and Trait Taxonomies...

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POS 14:49:56 Jose Alvarez Ch 3 – Traits and Trait Taxonomies Trait-Descriptive Adjectives o Words that describe traits, attributes of a person that are characteristic of a person and perhaps enduring over time. Three fundamental questions guide those who study traits o How should we conceptualize traits? o How can we identify which traits are the most important from among the many ways that individuals differ? o How can we formulate a comprehensive taxonomy of traits—a system that includes something I didn’t get What is a trait?: two basic formulations o Traits as internal casual properties vs. traits as purely descriptive summaries Traits as internal casual properties o Traits are presumed to be internal in that individuals carry their desires, needs, and wants form one situation to the next o Desires and needs are presumed to be causal in that they o Traits can lie dormant in that capacities are present even when behaviors are not expressed o
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