2Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral DevelopmentSummary of Kohlberg’s TheoryKohlberg's theory was inspired by Piaget's early work on the development of moral judgment. Kohlberg tested his hypothesis by surveying teens (10-16 years) with an ethical dilemma. The purpose of this survey is to measure the level of maturity over a longitudinally period. The study presented a moral conflict that tested their values, requiring them to rationalize moral judgment. Kohlberg then followed up with his subjects every four to six years (for 20 years). The ethical dilemma centered on the theme of stealing to save a life.A woman was near death from cancer. There was one drug that might save her. The druggist was charging ten times the cost to make. The sick woman's husband, Heinz, went to everyone he knew to borrow the money, but could only get half of what it cost. The druggist refused to sell the drug for less or let Heinz pay later. So Heinz became desperate and broke into the man's store to steal the drug for his wife. Should Heinz have done that? Why or why not? (Colby et al., 1983, p. 77).Kohlberg developed stages of maturity based on the responses of his subjects. These stages begin at the early adolescence phase. As the participate ages in adulthood, so does their comprehension of moral understanding.Stage 1 Punishment and Obedience Orientation: Difficulty to consider two points of view. Overlooking the intentions made in the scenario. Teens view the fear of authority in accordance to punishment.Stage 2 Instrumental purpose orientation: Awareness of multiple perspectives. Right actions in exchange for other rewards.Stage 3 Good person orientation: Obey rules as it promotes social hierarchy. Having moral outlooks as it gains the approval of peers, teachers, and relatives.