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200 LECTURE 11 - INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF LANGUAGE(LING...

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INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF LANGUAGE (LING 200) Prof. Mordecai Lieberman LECTURE’11’ –’ 10/10/2012’ Operation Merge A’type’of’‘operation±’that’is’determined’by’the’noun’head’of’a’sentence.’As’a’quality’ of’operation’MERGE’is’merging’two’objects’at’a’time,’syntactic’trees’are’ binary’ branching.’We’cannot’have’trees’that’have’three’branches --interim’conclusion: ’ Sentence’s tructures’are’hierarchical ’ Uncovering’syntactical’constituents’is’possible’through’constituency’tests Category’of’the’constituent’is’determined’by’the’category’of’its’HEAD Phrase’structure’is’generated’by’(operation)’MERGE.’ Selection A’relation’in’syntac tic’trees’where’a’predicate’(the’part’of’a’sentence’or’clause’ containing’a’verb’and’stating’something’about’the’subject)’ selects
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