PSY 117 Notes #1

PSY 117 Notes #1 - History of Memory Research Lecture 1...

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History of Memory Research Lecture 1
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History of Memory Research Powerfully influenced by prevailing zeitgeist of the times Zeitgeist - Time Spirit The ideas prevalent in a period and place What are some examples of Zeitgeists in Psychology? Behaviorism Cognitivism Cognitive Neuroscience Provide a mental set that defines how people see the issues
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Examples of mental sets
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Insight Problems 6 coin problem 6 matchstick problem Goat problem Main point. Mental set defines how you see the problem and what type of solutions you attempt
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Ebbinghaus- 1885 Mind-set- Reductionistic believed that an understanding of memory could be reduced to the formation of simple associations among nonsense syllables Procedure careful experimentation developed first experimental examination of memory quantified his results demonstrated the viability of an experimental examination of memory Nonsense syllable procedure Consonant Vowel consonant list Repeat until two perfect reproductions Measures of retention Recall Free Recall- order not important Serial Recall- recall in order studied Recollection Try to distinguish studied from non-studied Savings Number of repetitions required to re-memorize list
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Nonsense syllables Ced Biv Dit Jom Fid Moj Weh Rif Tis Pon Yug Som Tud
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Ebbinghaus findings Serial Position Curve Tend to remember the first and last items studied the best Forgetting- Forgetting curve, rapid then more slow Overlearning- additional rehearsals past mastery results in Slower forgetting Greater savings in relearning
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Behaviorists exclusive focus on behavior believed that internal representations were beyond the scope of science limited to operationally defined behaviors all behavior can be understood in terms of a set of relatively basic learning principles all behaviors are learned classical conditioning associate biological responses to learned stimuli bell causes saliva operant conditioning associate learned response to learned stimuli Approach dominated psychology from the 30’s-60’s
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYCH 117 taught by Professor Schooler during the Spring '08 term at UCSB.

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PSY 117 Notes #1 - History of Memory Research Lecture 1...

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