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Gender-Society-Module-1.docx - MODULE GenSoc ACADEMIC YEAR...

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MODULEGenSocACADEMIC YEAR 2020-2021Prepared by:MR. JOESERMAN C. VILLARUELInstructor
MODULES FOR Gender and SocietyCredits:3 unitsPre-Requisite:NoneLesson Title:Introduction of Gender and SocietyLesson Objective:At the end of the module, the learners will be able to:1.Differentiate gender from sexuality;2.Explain gender socialization;3.Identify gender stereotypes and the problem stereotyping brings; and4.Discuss sexual orientation and gender identity and expression or SOGIE.Lectures and Annotations:CHAPTER 1: IntroductionOne may wonder why it is necessary to conduct a course and write a book focused on womenand development. How is women’s development different from human development? After all,women’s issues are a question of human development. However, this thinking assumes that humandevelopment is comprehensive enough to respond women’s issues. In this day and age, when variousof unjust and destructive development are being held as models people must subscribe to, a genuinereflection on human development is imperative. So, the reader may ask: Why do women have tosingled out as a special topic?In the Philippines, women are integral part of development. In fact, Women’s importance andparticipation are highlighted in Philippines Constitution. Article II, Section 13 of the 1987Philippines Constitution emphasizes that women are vital aspect of nation-building, and theirinclusion in social structures and processes are key towards equality development.The Philippines has had two women presidents, a considerable number of women nationalleaders, including a chief justice, as well as numerous local officials including competent governors,mayors, and council members. Women have been also known to lead guerilla units of the Huk andthe New People’s Army, with some them gaining iconic status.Women have become leaders in the fields of education and the arts, with taking positions asadvocates and pioneers. They have galvanized original dances and concert musics, in the area ofbusiness and industry, many women have likewise taken managerial roles. Women have becomebank managers, police officers and CEO’s. In 2016, the Philippines ranked 7thin the world for genderequality by the World Economic Forum. This status does not seem surprising given the influentialrole that women play in the Philippine society.Discrimination TodayWomen have been advances throughout the years, However, the role mentioned above are notrepresentative of the status of most women in the Philippines and around the word, as seen inwomen’s roles in both the reproductive and productive spheres. In the reproductive spheres or thehousehold, childcare is left mostly to women. The mother often ensures that her children are clothed,sheltered, educated, and kept in good health. These roles are expected whether the mother is a singlemother, the primary source of income, or the supplemental source of income. On top of this, marriedwomen are expected to take care of their husbands.

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