James Madison - This delegate from Virginia was well read in federalism, republicanism, and Lockean theory and became the leading voice of the Constitutional Convention, providing the cornerstones for the development of the Constitution. First, he expressed need for a powerful central government. Second, he believed in separation of powers- the executive, legislative, and judicial branches would all be independent but held accountable by each. Finally, he outlined the dangers of "factions" and the power a strong national government would have to keep these views in check.John Adams - This man was the first vice president and was later defeated by Thomas Jefferson in the presidential election of 1800.House of Representatives - This branch of government is comprised of members that reflect the population of individual states.Senate - According to Roger Sherman, in this branch of government "each State should have one vote and no more."Electoral College - This representative body, not direct popular vote, elects the president.Federalists - This was the name given to those in favor of the Constitution and a strong central government. They were usually northern merchants who had close ties with British trade networks.Anti-Federalists - This was the name given to those in opposition to the Constitution and in favor of strong states' rights. They usually hailed from small southern farms or western homesteads.Bank of the United States - This institution, supported by Alexander Hamilton, was where the national treasury would keep its deposits. It would keep the funds safe and available as loanable funds. This institution was vehemently opposed by Thomas Jefferson.Democratic-Republicans - This was the new name for Anti-Federalists, such as Thomas Jefferson. This group sought to limit the powers of the central government in favor of greater states' rights, while the Federalists believed in a strong national government whose powers were supreme over the states.The French Revolution - This war, which took place between 1789 and 1793, challenged America's sovereignty, since George Washington had to decide where her loyalties would lie. Giving the revolutionaries assistance as they had done for the Patriots during the American Revolution would strain the already delicate relationship with Britain. Initially, Americans were pleased about the overthrow of the King and Queen of France, as it seemed an extension of the ideals of the American Revolution. It became clear, however, that this was a very different kind of war that was bloody and ruthless.Farewell Address - This speech was made by George Washington upon leaving the office of the president in 1797. In it, he warned the infant nation to remain neutral with regard to European affairs, to avoid entangling alliances, and to refrain from the formation of "factions," or political parties.