Measurement(3).pdf - Symbols to memorize Symbol Element...

This preview shows page 1 - 8 out of 24 pages.

Symbols to memorize Symbol Element Symbol Element Symbol Element H Hydrogen He Helium Li Lithium Be Beryllium B Boron C Carbon N Nitrogen O Oxygen F Fluorine Ne Neon Na Sodium Mg Magnesium Al Aluminum Si Silicon P Phosphorus S Sulfur Cl Chlorine Ar Argon K Potassium Ca Calcium Ti Titanium Mn Manganese Fe Iron Co Cobalt Ni Nickel Cu Copper Zn Zinc Rh Rhodium Cr Chromium Ga Gallium Ge Germanium As Arsenic Se Selenium Br Bromine Kr Krypton Rb Rubidium Sr Strontium Ra Radium Ag Silver Cd Cadmium Sn Tin Sb Antimony I Iodine Xe Xenon Cs Cesium Ba Barium W Tungsten Os Osmium Pt Platinum Au Gold Hg Mercury Tl Thallium Pb Lead Rn Radon Fr Francium Th Thorium U Uranium Pu Plutonium Am Americium Tc Technetium
Conversion Formulas : “What you want to find out” “What you already have” F = 1.8[C] + 32 [F - 32] C = --------------- 1.8 K = C + 273 C = K - 273 98.6 o F = __________ o C; __________K 75 o C = ________ o F; _________K 600K = __________ o F; ___________ o C 89 o F = _________K; _________ o C 44 o C = __________ o F; ___________K 150 o F = _________ o C; _________K
The Metric System Standard Metric Units: Quantity Name Symbol Length meter m Mass kilogram kg Time second s Electric current ampere A Temperature Kelvin K amount of substance mole mol Luminous intensity candela cd Derived metric units Volume cubic meter m 3 example: volume of a cube = length x width x height _______ = _____ x ______ x ______ Temperature Celsius (Kelvin 273) o C Speed meters/second m/s Acceleration meters/second 2 m/s 2 Force (mass x acceleration) Newton (kg x m/s 2 N (kgm/s 2 ) Energy (force x distance) Joule (Newton x meter) J (Nm) (kgm 2 /s 2 ) Area square meter m 2 Pressure (force/area) Pascal (Newton/meter 2 ) Pa (N/m 2 ) (kg/ms 2 ) Frequency Hertz (cycles/second) Hz Power (energy/time) Watt (Joule/second) W (kgm 2 /s)
10 12 10 9 10 6 10 3 10 2 10 1 10 0 10 -1 10 -2 10 -3 10 -6 10 -9 10 -12 ______________________________________________________________________________ Tera Giga Mega Kilo Hecto Deka Unit deci centi milli micro nano pico
Conversions (these will always be available on a test. No need to memorize.) Quantity Conversions Mass 1 (earth pound) = 454 grams; 1 kg = 2.2 (earth) pounds; 1 ounce = 28.34g 1 ton = 2000 pounds; 1 carat = 200mg; 1 slug = 14.6 kg Length 1 inch = 2.54cm; 1 meter = 39.37 inches; 1 mile = 1.6km; 1 foot = 30.5cm 1 Angstom = 1 x 10 -10 meters; 1 light year = 9.5 x 10 15 meters; 1 meter = 1.09 yards; 1 fathom = 6 feet; 1 furlong = 220 yards; 1 league = approximately 3 miles; 5280 feet = 1 mile; 3 feet = 1 yard Volume 1 ml = 1 cm 3 = 1 cc; 1 gallon = 3.7 liters; 1 m 3 = 1000 liters; 1 liter = 1.057 quarts; 1 fluid ounce = 29.5ml; 1 tablespoon = 15ml; 1 cup = 240ml; 2 pints = 1 quart; 4 quarts = 1 gallon; 1 teaspoon = 5ml; 1 peck = dry measure of 8 quarts; 1 bushel = 4 pecks Pressure 1 atmosphere = 760 mm of Hg = 760 Torr = 101.3 kilopascals = 14.7 pounds/in 2 1 atmosphere = 1.01 bars. Force 1 pound = 4.45 Newtons; 1 Newton = 1 x 10 5 dynes Energy 1 calorie = 4.184 Joules; 1 nutritional Calorie = 1 kilocalorie; 1 BTU = 1055 Joules; 1 kilowatt hour = 3.6 x 10 6 Joules; 1 electron volt = 1.6 x 10 -19 Joules Power 1 watt = 1 joule/second; 1 horsepower = 746 watts; 1 kilowatt = 3.4 x 10 3 BTU/hour Area 1 ft 2 = 0.093 m 2 ; 1 acre = 4047m 2 ; 1 township = 23,040 acres
You try these metric conversions 1) 1200.6 liters = __________________milliliters 2) 569.8 Megahertz = _____________________Hertz 3) 2000 microseconds = _________________milliseconds 4) 198.7 tons = _________Megatons 5) 145 ml = ________________ microliters 6) 1670 kilograms = ______________________centigrams 7) 1200 picometers = __________________________________meters 8) 1345 milliamps = ________________________amps 9) 17 Gigabytes = _________________________Megabytes 10) 2346.76 Joules = ____________________decijoules 11) 7000 kg = ____________________hectograms 12) 0.00069 Teraliters = _____________________Megaliters

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture