AP VocabularyChapters 1 -5 American Pageant Mr. Frausel Marco Polo- Italian explorer; spent many years in China or near it; his return to Europe in 1295 sparked a European interest in finding a quicker route to Asia.Francisco Pizarro- Francisco Pizarro -- New World conqueror; Spanish conqueror who crushed the Inca civilization in Peru; took gold, silver and enslaved the Incas in 1532.Juan Ponce de Leon- Spanish Explorer; in 1513 and in 1521, he explored Florida, thinking it was an island. Looking for gold and the "fountain of youth", he failed in his search for the fountain of youth but established Florida as territory for the Spanish, before being killed by a Native American arrow.Hernando de Soto- Spanish Conquistador; explored in 1540's from Florida west to the Mississippi with six hundred men in search of gold; discovered the Mississippi, a vital North American riverMontezuma- Aztec chieftan; encountered Cortes and the Spanish and saw that they rode horses; Montezuma assumed that the Soanush were gods. He welcomed them hospitably, but the explorers soon turned on the natives and ruled them for three centuries."Christopher Columbus"- An Italian navigator who was funded by the Spanish Government to find a passage to the Far East. He is given credit for discovering the "New World," even though at his death he believed he had made it to India. He made four voyages to the "New World." The first sighting of land was on October 12, 1492, and three other journies until the time of his death in 1503.Hernan Cortes- He was a Spanish explorer who conquered the Native American civilization of the Aztecs in 1519 in what is now Mexico.Francisco Coronado- A Spanish soldier and commander; in 1540, he led an expedition north from Mexico into Arizona; he was searching for the legendary Seven Cities of Gold, but only found Adobe pueblos.
Treaty of Tordesillas- In 1494 Spain and Portugal wre disputing the lands of the new world, so the Spainish went to the Pope, and he divided the land of South America for them. Spain got the vast majority, the west, and Portugal got the east.Mestizos- The Mestizos were the race of people created when the Spainish intermarried with the surviving Indians in Mexico.Reniassance- After the Middle Ages there was a rebirth of culture in Europe where art and science were developed. It was during this time of enrichment that America was discovered.Canadian Shield- geological shape of North America; 10 million years ago; held the northeast corner of North America in place; the first part of North America to come above sea levelMound Builders- The mound builders of the Ohio River Valley and the Mississippian culture of the lower Midwest did sustain some large settlements after the incorproation of corn planting into their way of life during the first millenium AD. The Mississippian settlement at Cohokia, near present-day East St. Louis, Ill., was perhaps home to 40,000 people in about AD 1100. But mysteriously, around the year 1300, both the Mound Builder and the Mississippian cultures had fallen to decline.