Chapter 8 Text Assignment Answered - Chapter 8 Text...

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Chapter 8 Text AssignmentAmerica Secedes From The Empire, 1775-1783READ pages 139-157, define the following terms and understand their significance:1.)2ndContinental Congress-All the 13 colonies sent representatives to Philadelphia on May10, 1775.They selected George Washington to be the head of the Continental Army, didthe “Olive Branch Petition”, and made the Declaration of Independence.2.)Olive Branch Petition-It was where the continental congress adopted this and wasprofessing American loyalty to the crown and begging the king to prevent further hostilities.3.)Thomas Pain’sCommon Sense-It was a book written by Thomas Paine and publicized in1776.It was one of the most influential pamphlets ever written.It author was the radicalThomas Paine, who had come over from England a year earlier.Common Sensebecame abest-seller and in a couple months 120,000 copies were sold.4.)Philadelphia Congress-They were part of the 2ndContinental Congress that met inPhiladelphia and decided to break from England, and declare independence.5.)Richard Henry Lee-On June 7, 1776 Richard Henry Lee of Virginia moved that “theseUnited Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent states…” Afterconsiderable debate, the motion was adopted.6.)Declaration of Independence-The United States Declaration of Independence is astatement adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, which announced that thethirteen American colonies then at war with Great Britain were now independent states, andthus no longer a part of the British Empire.A major portion of it was written by ThomasJefferson.7.)Loyalists-They were the colonials that were loyal to the king.They are also called“Tories”8.)Patriots-They were the American rebels who fought the British redcoats.9.)Valley Forge-George Washington’s men spent a winter at Valley Forge.It was a strong,hilly position some twenty miles northwest of Philadelphia, and there his frostbitten andhungry men were short of about everything but misery.This rabble was neverthelesswhipped into a professional army by the Prussian drillmaster, Baron von Steuben.10.)Armed Neutrality-Catherine the Great of Russia took the lead in organizing the ArmedNeutrality. It lined up almost all the remaining European Neutrals in an attitude of passivehostility toward England.11.)Privateers-These craft were privately owned armed ships-legalized pirates in a sense-specifically authorized by congress to prey on enemy shipping.

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Term
Fall
Professor
Eager
Tags
Olive Branch Petition, Benedict Arnold, Bunker Hill, Thomas Paine, AP US History, Common Sense, United States Declaration of Independence, Thirteen Colonies, pts, Continental Congress, The Declaration of Independence,

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