Chapter 21 Text Assignment Answered - KIP HACKING Chapter...

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KIP HACKINGChapter 21 Text AssignmentDrifting Toward Disunion, 1854-1861READ pages 419-441, define the following terms and understand their significance:1.)Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin-It was a book that was written by Harriet Beecher. It was anti-slavery. Thousands of copies were sold and it was best seller. helped sway many Northerners to be antislavery.2.)Border ruffians-They were pro slavery that poured into Missouri from Kansas to vote for Kansas Legislature.3.)Topeka, Kansas-The Free- soilers unable to stomach this fraudulent conspiracy, established an extralegal regime of their own in Topeka.4.)Lawrence, Kansas-Proslavery raiders alleging provocations, shot up and burned a part of the free-soil town of Lawrence Kansas.5.)John Brown-He was an abolitionist and tried was the leader of the Harpers Ferry. He tried to start a slave revolt. He and his mob killed some pro-slavery people. He was arrested and hung.6.)Lecompton Constitution-It was a proslavery document written for Kansas. If they voted against slavery one of the remaining provisions of the constitution would protect the owners of slaves already in Kansas. So whatever the outcome, there would still be black bondage in Kansas. Many free-soilers, infuriated by this trick, boycotted the polls. Left to themselves, the slaveryites approved the constitution with slavery late in 1857.7.)Dred Scott Decision (1857)-In 1857, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that all African Americans, both slave and free, were barred from citizenship. Dred Scott, the plaintive in this case, sued for his freedom based on the argument that in the 1830s his owner had taken him from Missouri, where slavery was legal, and to Wisconsin Territory, where the institution was outlawed by terms of the Missouri Compromise of 1820. Scott sued for his freedom following the death of his master. The decision, that Scott could not be an U.S. citizen because of his race,8.)Chief Justice Roger Taney-From the slave state of Maryland was the chief justice that ruled the decision on Dred Scott decision. 9.)Panic of 1857-The Panic of 1857 was a sudden downturn in the economy of the United Statesthat occurred in 185710.)Lincoln-Douglas Debates-The Lincoln–Douglas Debates of 1858 were a series of seven debates between Abraham Lincoln, the Republicancandidate, and the incumbent Stephen A. Douglas, a Democrat, for an Illinoisseat in the United States Senate11.)Freeport Doctrine-Not matter how the supreme court ruled, Douglas argued slavery would stay down if the people voted it down. Laws to protect slavery would have to be passed by the territorial legislatures. These would not be forthcoming in the absence of popular approval and black bondage would soon disappear. Douglas, in truth, had Americans history on his side. Where public opinion does not support the federal government, as in the case of Jefferson’s embargo, the law is almost impossible to enforce.12.)Harpers Ferry-John Brown seized the federal arsenal in Oct. 1859, incidentally killing seven innocent people including a free black and injuring 10 or so more.13.)
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