exam 1 answers - Psych 100-01 First Exam Spring 2008 Name:...

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Psych 100-01 First Exam Spring 2008 Name: ___________________________________ Spire ID:__________________ BE SURE TO PUT YOUR NAME AND SPIRE ID ON THE ANSWER SHEET! Your exam will not be graded without your SPIRE ID . Put the test scramble version in column K of the special codes section: A=1, B=2, C=3, D=4 Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Place your answers on the answer sheet. If you change an answer, be sure to erase your previous answer completely._ 1. As people prepare for a test, they often believe that they understand the course material better than they actually do. This best illustrates: A) overconfidence. B) illusory correlation. C) the placebo effect. D) critical thinking. 2. As scientists, psychologists adopt an attitude of skepticism because they believe that: A) people are unlikely to reveal what they are really thinking. B) most common sense ideas about human behavior are wrong. C) claims about human behavior need to be supported with evidence. D) events never occur randomly. 3. In order to gain further understanding of how brain malfunctions influence behavior, Dr. Mosher extensively and carefully observed and questioned a stroke victim. Which research method did Dr. Mosher employ? A) random sampling B) the survey C) the case study D) experimentation 4. Which of the following techniques would be the most effective way of investigating the relationship between the political attitudes and the economic status of North Americans? A) the survey B) naturalistic observation C) experimentation D) the case study 5. Which procedure helps to ensure that the participants in a survey are representative of a
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larger population? A) random assignment B) replication C) naturalistic observation D) random sampling 6. If psychologists were to find that we are especially attracted to people whose traits are different from our own, this discovery would likely seem obvious and unsurprising to college students because: A) most students have had many personal experiences in which they were attracted to people quite different from themselves. B) this finding is consistent with common sense. C) college students are themselves very eager to interact with those who are different from themselves. D) students, like everyone else, have a tendency to exaggerate their ability to have foreseen the outcome of past discoveries. 7. Which research method would be most effective for identifying the mating rituals of North American deer? A) survey research B) naturalistic observation C) experimentation D) the double-blind procedure 8. If college graduates typically earn more money than high school graduates, this would indicate that level of education and income are: A) positively correlated. B) independent variables.
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor Cave during the Spring '08 term at UMass (Amherst).

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exam 1 answers - Psych 100-01 First Exam Spring 2008 Name:...

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