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44 389 luckies ignorepsychological immunesystem 527

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Unformatted text preview: 50% of happiness is temperament 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0 Correlations Between Twins' Personality Traits Ex tra ve rsi on • Temporal stability: .6 Monozygotic Dizygotic Characteristics of Happy People Characteristics of Happy People • • • Optimism Coherent life narratives Extraversion: • • • • Control, Status (respect), power Less Neuroticism Balance of positive and negative emotion Good Life styles: eating, exercise – Sociable, outgoing, energetic Negative Emotion Bias in field Negative Emotion Bias in field • Negative more prominent in taxonomies • Negative assumed to be more evolved, more rooted in physiology • Negative assumed to have stronger impact upon adjustment Positive Emotions Broaden and Positive Emotions Broaden and Build (Fredrickson, 1998, 2001) • Negative emotions narrow thought action • Positive emotions – Broaden thought repertoires – Build relationships Positive emotions: Experimental Positive emotions: studies (Isen, Fredrickson) • • • • • • More creative word associations More integrative negotiations More overlap with outgroup members Greater similarity to romantic partner Better problem solving Greater donation to strangers POSITIVE EMOTION: A language for POSITIVE EMOTION: the 3 to 1 (own life) and 5 to 1 ratios (Marriage) • Resources Enthusiasm Contentment • Social Relations Love Desire Compassion Pride Gratitude Awe Approach Goal Satiation Attachment Reproduction Nurturance Elevated Status Reciprocity/Friendship Leaders • Distress Reduction Relief • Knowledge Interest Learning Happiness is unknowable Happiness is unknowable (Dan Gilbert) • Affective Forecasting and – Tenure decisions don’t alter happiness as predicted – Romantic breakups don’t either Satisfaction mispredicting happiness 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 5.44 3.89 "Luckies" – Ignore psychological immune system 5.27 Actual "Leftovers" Predicted "Leftovers" Ignore Psychological Immune Ignore Psychological Immune System • Amazing reslience of humans in face of stress, trauma – Diener: events 3 months or greater in past...
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