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Unformatted text preview: • • • • • • • Insight, what does it do? 1. Reduced suppression Gross, John Suppression leads to Greater SANS activity Frustration, SANS activity in others Memory deficits Reduced satisfaction 2. Catharsis: insight Expressing negative feelings: coherence a. more negative words than positive words b. evolved from fewer to more cognitive words c. increased psychological coherence: fewer unique words d. increased acceptance, organization 3. Reduced intentional object: reduces free floating anxiety, distress 4. Reduces uncertainty, increases control (Wilson & Gilbert, 2008) 5. Social sharing (Rime) Social support 6. The pleasures of aesthetic distance (Aristotle: Catharsis) Reflection on play: Your play Reflection on play: Your play history, narrative (Brown, 2009) • Think back to earliest experiences of play. What were they? • Are you as free as you’d like to play today? What is Play? What is Play? • Peek a boo, rough and tumble, games, • sociodramatic play, word play, imitations, interspecies play Criteria (Stuart Brown, 2009) – – – – – – – Apparently purposeless Voluntary Inherent attraction Freedom from time Diminished consciousness of self Improvisational Desire to continue Play: The safe arena thesis Play: The safe arena thesis • • A. Boundaries: – Rough and Tumble Play: learn boundaries between pleasure, pain, harm – Marc Bekoff: coyotes in rough and tumble learn how not to bite, learn hierarchies – Flirtation: learn boundary between friend, intimate Play Functions Play Functions • Skills – Playful imitation – Play kissing of pre­adolescents – Boys playing cavemen, girls playing with dolls: – hunting, care­taking • Play functions: Play functions: • Identity: – sociodramatic play (3 years) – Barrie Thorne studied lunchtime play of middle school girls: gender play to take on, try out sexual identities – Adolescents play at adults Play functions Play functions • Knowledge • – Playing with liquids, sand: understand substance, materials, conservation Play Functions: Empathy Play Functions: Empathy • Theory of mind in pretend play (Leslie) – Abuse of language in pretend play • Object substitution: banana = phone • Attribution of non­literal properties: glasses have diamonds • Imaginary objects – Abuse frees children from egocentrism, paves way for theory of mind, different perspectives, empathy A language of laughter A language of laughter • Preuschoft, Van Hooff: pant hoots in • • • • • primates Provine: Laughter punctuates speech Bachorowski: hisses, snorts, guffaws, cackles, grunts 3­4 bursts per laugh Voiced laughs involve vocal folds Dominant, submissive laughs The acoustics, physiology of The acoustics, physiology of laughter • Own s...
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This note was uploaded on 11/19/2012 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 162 taught by Professor Keltner during the Spring '12 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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