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Unformatted text preview: • • Increased prevalence of depression, anxiety disorders Low birth weight Asthma Diabetes Obesity High blood pressure Diabetes Cardiovascular disease Pain: bad back, stomach Respiratory illness Quicker demise in responding to different diseases The materialist/situationist account The materialist/situationist account • Lower SES: resource impoverished environments – – – – – – – Fewer parks Fewer health food stores Less nature Increased pollution, pesticides Greater noise and sleep disruption Fewer health care centers Greater levels of violence, threat Class and rank Class and rank • Lower subjective rank triggers cortisol in baboons • • • (Sapolsky) which inhibits physical development, more likely to have disease Lower rank in humans associated with increased threat, anxiety, vigilance, SANS activation (Keltner et al. 2003) British civil servants: higher ranked administrators 1.6 times less likely to die in 10 month period (Marmot et al., 1984) Each move up the class ladder, less likely to die of cardiovascular disease, and less vulnerable to all manner of ailments, holding constant access to care Meditation, Mindfulness, and Meditation, Mindfulness, and reducing stress (and increasing well­being) • Chronic stressors – Job loss – Divorce, marital conflict – Death of spouse – Having children – Ill relatives • Meditation mindfulness Tibetan Buddhist Meditation (Alan Tibetan Buddhist Meditation (Alan Wallace: Genuine Happiness) • Attention • Mindfulness • Loving Kindness – – – – – – Breathing • Settle into relaxed posture • Focus attention in between what you’re looking at and eyes • Breathe 21 times • Attend to movements of lungs Of body • Imagine attention as curved surface • Move this attention up and down body • Be mindful of sensations throughout body Bring to mind a person who is dear to you Imagine person’s sufferings, yearnings Wish for person’s happiness Extend to another person, broadening circle of care Hatha Yoga (Hinduism) Hatha Yoga (Hinduism) 18 million practitioners in US • • • • • • • • • • • 15th century: Swatmarama The ten traditional yamas are: Ahimsa: Nonviolence. Abstinence from injury or harm to any living creature in thought, word, or deed. This is the "main" yama. The other nine are there in support of its accomplishment. Satya: Truthfulness in word and thought (in conformity with the facts). Astey...
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This note was uploaded on 11/19/2012 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 162 taught by Professor Keltner during the Spring '12 term at Berkeley.

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