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Unformatted text preview: tina 27. Vietnam 28. Chile 29. Indonesia 30. Philippines 31. Taiwan 32. Brazil 33. Spain 35. Italy 36. Portugal 37. E. Germany 38. Slovenia 39. Japan 40. Czech Rep 41. S. Africa 42. Croatia 43. Greece 44. Peru 45. China 46. Morocco 47. S. Korea 48. Iran 49. Poland 50. Turkey 51. Bosnia 52. Uganda 53. Algeria 54. Bangladesh 55. Egypt 56. Kyrgyzstan 57. Hungary 58. Slovakia 59. Jordan 60. Estonia 61. Serbia 62. Tanzania 63. Azerbaijan 64. Montenegro 65. India 66. Lithuania 67. Macedonia 68. Pakistan 69. Latvia 70. Albania 71. Bulgaria 72. Belarus 73. Georgia 74. Romania 75. Moldova 76. Russia 77. Armenia 78. Ukraine 79. Zimbabwe Countries and Happiness Countries and Happiness • • • • Democracy r = .85 Strong community Individual expression Equality – Inequality kills (Kawachi, Harvard University) Happiness East, West Happiness East, West • East Contradictory Emotion Social engagement Calmness Roles West Positive emotion Kitayama Disengagement Excitement Emotions Mesquita Tsai Suh The Big 2: Relationships, Work The Big 2: Relationships, Work • Relationship literatures – Friendships extremely powerful – Loneliness – Marriage effects – Social networks P ercent saying they're very happy Gender, marriage and happiness Gender, marriage and happiness (Myers, Diener, 1995) 45 40 35 30 25 Married 20 Unmarried 15 10 5 0 Men Women The Lives and Outcomes of The Lives and Outcomes of Happy people? • From correlational studies (on subjective well­being) to longitudinal Approaches • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Table 11.5. Positive emotionality, as assessed in the magnitude of the smile shown in a photograph at age 20, predicts adult personality, relationship satisfaction, and personal well—being over the next 30 years. Measure Positive Emotionality Negative Emotionality Age 21 ­.37** Age 27 ­.21* Age 43 ­.21* Age 52 ­.27** Affiliation Age 21 .33* Age 43 .18+ Competence Age 27 .19+ Age 43 .20* Age 52 .29** Well­being Age 21 .20* Age 27 .25* Age 43 .18+ Age 52 .28** Marital Well­being Age 52 .20* Source: Harker & Keltner, 2001. Note: ** = p < .01, * = p < .05, + = p < .10. On Happiness as a Trait (“Happy On Happiness as a Trait Juice”: Paul Meehl) – 40% is cultivated 0.51 0.48 0.2 oti cis m 0.18 Ne ur • • correlation between estimates separated by 6 months to 6 years Heritability of happiness...
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This note was uploaded on 11/19/2012 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 162 taught by Professor Keltner during the Spring '12 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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