Inatimidmanon

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: in oxytocin for men, not women Oxytocin predicts increased empathy in minds in the eyetask Oxytocin and Trust Oxytocin and Trust Oxytocin and Trust % Who Give Away Maxim um 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Oxytocin Control Selfless Genes? Selfless Genes? • OXTR polymorphism on the third chromosome: G/G, A/G, A/A • Thought to be related to functionality of oxytocin receptor system • G/G carriers – Read emotions in eyes better – More sensitive as parents – More likely to rely on social support – Less likely to be diagnosed with Aspergers Thin slicing of prosociality of Thin slicing of prosociality of G/G carriers based on 20 seconds of behavior The dark side to cooperation The dark side to cooperation • Wars unite tribes in pre­industrial cultures • External threats unite ethnic groups within countries • Patterns of violence (e.g., revenge killings) in hunter gatherer groups (Boehm): target the aggressive, greedy males Processes by which we ensure Processes by which we ensure cooperation • Reputation (Keltner et al., 2008): based on your cooperativeness • In PDG settings, knowing person’s reputation influences behavior: give to generous • Altruistic punishment (Fehr) – Increases cooperation – Activates Nucleus Accumbens when we punish defectors Gossip as a Power Constraint Gossip as a Power Constraint Process • Relationships Between Sociometric Ratings and Personality Measures and the Likelihood of Being Nominated by Other Group Members as a Target of Gossip Gossip Target Identification • Sociometric Ratings • • • • • • • • • Well­known Liked Status in house Status deserved Admirable reputation Teased Personality Measures Agreeableness *Machiavellianism .34* ­.33* ­.08 ­.35* ­.51* .24+ .28* ­.39 The rise of non­zero sum The rise of non­zero sum relations • Robert Wright: Non Zero, 2000 • From group to tribe to chiefdom to state – Trade increases interconnectedness, non­ zero relations The wisdom of the tit­for­tat The wisdom of the tit­for­tat • Axelrod, The Evolution of Cooperation, 1984 • PDG tournament of different strategies – Round 1: 14...
View Full Document

Ask a homework question - tutors are online