Increasethem onlywhenyourincreasedmeanspermit

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Unformatted text preview: sical Thought Virtue Ethics in Classical Thought • Aristotle and moderation (Nichomachean ethics) – Anybody can become angry ­ that is easy, but to be angry with the right person and to the right degree and at the right time and for the right purpose, and in the right way ­ that is not within everybody's power and is not easy – Bring your desires down to your present means. Increase them only when your increased means permit • Eudamonia: Flourishing expression of core passions, strengths • The feeling of virtue at the end of life Hedonism: Epicurean philosophy Hedonism: (Epicurus); de Sade • Pleasure, pain index of good, evil • Happiness is the sum of our sensory pleasures, absence of pain • Appropriate restraint Quotes from Epicurus (340 to Quotes from Epicurus (340 to 270 BC) • “Do not spoil what you have by desiring what you have not; remember that what you now have was once among the things you only hoped for.” • Nothing is enough for the man to whom enough is too little. • Of all the means to insure happiness throughout the whole life, by far the most important is the acquisition of friends. Utilitarianism: J.S.Mill, Bentham, Peter Utilitarianism: Gay • Happiness is found in actions that promote happiness for • the greatest number of people Happiness is an individual right: Thomas Jefferson and The Declaration of Independence on inalienable rights: “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.” Happiness in the afterlife Happiness in the afterlife • Judeo­Christian Thought • To love is to suffer. To avoid suffering, one must not love. But then, one su ” • Happiness = impossible to attain; Original Sin • Happiness is found in the release from the body, passion – Tomkins: positive emotion arises in cessation of negative – Solomon: Opponent process theory: pleasure the antithesis of pain Buddhism Buddhism • • • • • Nirvana and the four noble truths 1. Life as we live it is suffering, frustration 2. Cause...
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