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Unformatted text preview: ent eyes open, mouth open, eyebrows raised, hands placed over mouth Devotion (reverence) face upwards, eyelids upturned, fainting, pupils upwards and inwards, humbling kneeling posture, hands upturned ____________________________________________________________________ _ Awe and the Sacred Awe and the Sacred Awe promotes expanded self Awe and vagal response Awe and goosebumps Percentage of peopl e reporti ng goosebum ps • • • 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Awe Compassion Gratitude Love The Challenge to The Challenge to Spirituality/Religion • Sam Harris: divides people, causes conflict, harmful to women • Richard Dawkins: faith in creationism against scientific reason • Christopher Hitchens: Against progress, freedom, development • Robert Wright (Evolution of God, 2009) Spirituality evolving to be more cooperative, less divisive; problems attributed to religion are political problems (e.g., over land, resources) not religion • Karen Armstrong – All religions share core components: compassion, empathy, gratitude An Emotion Perspective: Summing An Emotion Perspective: Summing up • • • • • • 3 to 1 well­being ratio 5 to 1 healthy romance ratio Generativity later in life Compassion, agape, empathy Gratitude, appreciation Awe, beauty, reverence, sacred End of Section I End of Section I • Good luck on the exam Caregiving Caregiving • Volunteerism = Uncompensated assistance given • • • to those in need 31% of US in any year Guided by compassion, empathic concern Care­givers who care 14 hours/week 36% reduced chance of dying in 7 year period (Stephanie Brown) Altruism Altruism • Compassion is a motive of altruism; distress/anxiety predicts more egoistic action • Predicts altruism in children: Eisenberg et al., 1989 Hours spent weekl y wi th Janet 3 2.5 2 Anonymous 1.5 Seen by others 1 0.5 0 Be Objective Compassion Thought Patterns and Happiness: Thought Patterns and Happiness: Intellectual Precursors • • Disciplining the Mind: Wisdom, judgment in Buddhism Cognitive revolution in understanding disorders – – – Helplessness, hopelessness and depression Cognitive tendencies and anxiety Catastrophizing • Resilience in response to...
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This note was uploaded on 11/19/2012 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 162 taught by Professor Keltner during the Spring '12 term at Berkeley.

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